History From America's Most Famous Valleys
Eighteenth Century Palatine Emigration
A British Government Redemptioner Project to Manufacture Naval Stores
by Walter Allen Knittle, Ph.D.
Department of History
College of the City of New York
Published Philadelphia, 1937
( Page 229):
Please note: The type is very tiny in this section of the book and I had difficulty distinguishing between "h" and "b" when in italics, especially when the language is German. Tough typing! ajberry.
Allison, William Henry, Inventory of Unpublished Material for American Religious History in Protestant Church Archives and other Repositories (Washington, 1910).
Andrews, Charles M., Guide to the Material for American History to 1783 in the Public Record Office of Great Britain, 2 vols. (Washington, 1912-1914).
Andrews, Charles M. and Davenport, F. G., Guide to Manuscript Materials for the History of the United States to 1783 in the British Museum (Washington, 1908).
Davies, Godfrey, Bibliography of British History; Stuart Period, 1603-1714 (Oxford, 1928).
Faust, Albert B., Guide to the Materials for American History in Swiss and Austrian Archives (Washington, 1916).
Flagg, C. A. and Jennings, J. T., Bibliography of New York Colonial History (Albany, 1902).
Greene, E. B. and Morris, R. B., Guide to the Principal Sources for Early American History (1600-1800) in the City of New York (New York, 1929).
Learned, Marion Dexter, Guide to the Manuscript Materials Relating to American History in the German State Archives (Washington, 1912).
Morgan, William Thomas, Bibliography of British History 1700-1715 (Bloomington, Indiana, 1934--) only Volume I has appeared so far.
British Museum, London. This depository contains many valuable manuscript materials, especially the Stafford Papers in the Additional Manuscripts Collection.
Historical Society of Pennsylvania Library contains colonial correspondence, and transcripts of Dutch Archives made for J. F. Sachse. It also contains a splendid collection of transcripts of the British Colonial Office Records, including the Board of Trade Journal 1675-1782 (93 large folio volumes), Plantations General 1689-1780 (31 large folio volumes), and the Proprieties 1697-1776 (24 large folio volumes).
Huntington Library, San Marino, California, possesses many contemporary manuscripts of great value secured from English sources. Letter of William Penn and Robert Hunter are included.
Kingsley Manuscripts in the possession of the Kingsley family, The Rocks, Schoharie, New York, are made up principally of an old recommendation and a Family Bible brought from Germany.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. C., has transcripts and Photostats of British documents, especially of the Colonial Office. It also possesses the Archdale Manuscripts valuable for the activities of the Carolina proprietors. It has recently acquired transcripts and Photostats of the Records of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel from London. These are letters from the ministers in the colonies and extremely valuable, as they sometimes contain vital statistics.
Livingston Family Manuscripts in the possession of the Johnston Livingston Redmont Estate, New York City. This valuable collection contains many items on Indian Affairs, the first lord of the Manor having been commissioner of Indian Affairs in the early eighteenth century.
Moravian Archives (Moravian Seminary), Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, contains the first records of the early church at Tulpehocken, entitled "Kirchen Buch von die Evangelisch Lutherisch Gemein in Tulpehocken, 1733." This is the manuscript account of the se-called "Tulpehocken Confusion," attested to by Conrad Weiser, and later published. The early records of the Schaffer, Walborn, Reith, Losch, and Zerbe families are in this script book.
New York Historical Society Library contains a manuscript of an Indian Treaty with regard to Schoharie, New York and the Palatines. It also possesses several colonial manuscripts on the subject as well as a transcript of a Harleian Manuscript in the British Museum. The Hawks Transcripts of the Records of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, London, were transferred here from the Church Mission House, New York. Many of the latter are only extracts.
New York Public Library preserves manuscript notes of Abraham Yates on early colonial history of New York, and the Chalmers Collection of New York colonial documents. It also contains rare volumes, particularly Simmendinger's Pamphlet.
New York State Archives at Albany, New York are rich in colonial manuscripts on the subject. The few volumes on this period lost in the 1911 fire contained only two documents on the Palatines, as indicated by the Calendar. It also has valuable manuscript materials for the 1711 expedition against Canada.
Old Stone Fort of Schoharie County Historical Society, Schoharie, New York, contains many items of great value dealing with the early Palatine settlers. The collection is particularly rich in historical relics, showing the life of pioneer days.
Pennsylvania State Archives at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania are comparatively poor in materials on this particular migration. Correspondence of the Penn family and Conrad Weiser are the chief items. The archives are sadly in need of a subject index as the present name index is adequate for genealogical purposes only.
Public Record Office, London. A large proportion of the official records concerning the governmental project are preserved here. Reclassification in
Page 231: progress account for variations in the method of citation in some footnotes.
Schwenkfelder Library at Pennsburg, Pennsylvania, has purchased many items formerly in Judge Pennypacker's collection of pamphlets on Pennsylvania German immigration.
Widener Library, Harvard University, possesses several rare contemporary pamphlets as well as the only known copy of Robert Hunter's "Androborus" (August, 1714), a biographical farce indicating his friends and enemies in the province of New York.
Other libraries consulted include Yale University Library at New Haven, Connecticut; Lebanon County Historical Society, Lebanon, Pennsylvania; Historical Society of Berks County, Reading, Pennsylvania; the Public Library of Boston, Massachusetts; the Morgan Library, New York City; and the Holland Society Library, New York City.
Acts of the Privy Council, Colonial, 1680--1720 (1910), also volume of Unbound Papers (published in 1912).
Calendar of Council Minutes of New York 1668--1683(Albany, 1902).
Calendar of State Papers, Colonial, America and the West Indies, 1689--1693 (1921) to 1722--1723 (1934).
Calendar of Treasury Papers 1556--1696 (1868) to 1714--1719 (1883).
Calendar of New York Colonial Manuscripts indorsed Land Papers 1643--1803 (Albany, 1864).
Calendar of New York Historical Manuscripts, edited by E. B. O'Callaghan, 2 vols. (Albany, 1865-6).
Colonial Laws of New York from 1664--1776, 5 vols. (Albany, 1896).
Colonial Records of North Carolina, 1662--1790 (Raleigh, North Carolina, 1886-1903).
Documentary History of the State of New York, edited by E. B. O'Callaghan, Vol. III (Albany, 1850).
Documents Relative to the Colonial History of New York by John Romeyn Brodhead, edited by E. B. O'Callaghan, II vols. (Albany, 1851-61).
Ecclesiastical Records of the State of New York, edited by Hugh Hastings, et al., 8 vols. (Albany, 1901--1916).
Historical Manuscript Commission Reports, Great Britain.
Journal of the Commissioners of Trade and Plantations, 1704--1708 (1920) to 1718--1722 (1925).
Journal of the House of Commons, especially Vol. XVI.
Journal of the Legislative Council of the Colony of New York 1691--1743, Vol. I (Albany, 1861).
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Messages of the Common Council of the City of New York, Vol. II (New York, 1905).
Page 232: Minutes of the Provincial Assembly of Pennsylvania, Vol. III (Philadelphia, 1852).
Parliamentary History of England, by William Cobbett (London, 1806--1820, the antecedent of the Parliamentary Debates.
Pennsylvania Archives 1664-1698, 1st series, 12 vols.; 2nd series, 12 vols.; 3rd series, 30 vols. (Harrisburg, 1852-99).
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Boyer, Abel, Political State of Great Britain, Vol. I (London, 1711).
Brown, J. M., Brief Sketch of the First Settlement of the County of Schoharie by the Germans (Schoharie, New York, 1823).
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Child, Sir Josiah, New Discourse of Trade (London, 1693, first edition 1692).
Correspondence between William Penn and James Logan, secretary of the Province of Pennsylvania and others 1700--1750, 2vols. (Philadelphia, The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1870--1872).
Falckner, Daniel, Curieuse Nachricht von Pennsylvania (transleted and published by J. F. Sachse, printed privately in Philadelphia, 1905).
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Hallesche Nachrichten, Nachrichten von den vereinigten deutschen evangelisch=lutherischen Gemeinen in Nord=America, absonderlich in Pensylvanien; first published in 2 vols. Halle, 1782, edited by W. J. Mann, B. M. Schmucher and W. Germann (1st vol. Allentown, Pennsylvania, 1886) (2nd vol. Philadelphia, 1895). Vol. I, translated by C. W. Schaffer, reading, Pennsylvania, 1882; Vols. I and II, translanted by Jonathan Oswald, Philadelphia, 1880 and 1881.
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Page 233: jungsthin aus Teutschland nach dem Englelandischen in America gelegnen Carolina and Pensylvanien wallenden Pilgrim absonderlich dem einseitigen ubelgegrundeten Kochenthalersichen bericht wobledachtig entegen gestzt (Frankfurt, Leipzig, 1711).
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"Kocherthal Records," early vital statistics of St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Chruch of West Camp, New York, kept by Reverend Josua Kocherthal and others. Translated by Christian Krahmer in Olde ulster, Vols. III and IV (Kingston, New York, 1907 and 1908). Also a new translation by Mr. Krahmer in Lutheran Quarterly, Vol. LVII (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 1927).
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Page 234: The Piety and Bounty of the Queen of Great Britain, with the charitable benevolences of her living Subjects toward the Support and Settlemtn of the Distressed Protestant Palatines (London, 1709).
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Burns, J. F., Controversies between Royal Governors and their Assemblies in the Norther American Colonies (Villanova, Pennsylvania, 1923).
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Cunningham, William, Alien Immigrants to England (London, 1897).
De Long, I. H., The Lineage of Macolm Metzger Parker (Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1926).
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Hasbrouck, Frank, The History of Dutchess County, New York (Poughkeepsie, New York, 1909).
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(New York, 1884); Vol. I of Geschichtsblatter, Vilder und Mittheilungen aus dem Leben der Deutschen in Amerika, edited by C. von Schurz.
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Pascoe, C. F., Two Hundred Years of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 1701-1900. . . , 2vols. (London, 1901).
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Pletcher, N. M., Some Chapters from the History of the Rhine Country (New York, 1907).
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Proper, E. E., Colonial Immigration Laws. . . .(New York, 1900).
Proud, Robert, History of Pennsylvania, 1681-1742. . . . 2 vols. (Philadelphia, 1797-8).
Reid, W. M., The Mohawk Valley, its Legends and its History (New York, 1907).
Richards, G. W., The German Pioneers in Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, 1903).
Riehl, W. H., Die Pfulzer; ein rheinisches volksbild (Stuttgart, 1858).
River, W. J., A Sketch of the History of South Carolina to the close of the Proprietary Government by the Revolution of 1719 (Charleston, South Carolina, 1856).
Richards, G. W., The German Pioneers in Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, 1905).
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Roberts, E. H., New York; the Planting and the Growth of the Empire State, 2 vols. (Boston, 1904).
Roscoe, W. E., History of Schoharie County, New York (Syracuse, New York, 1882).
Rupp, I. D., History of Northampton, Berks, Monroe, Carbon and Schuylkill Counties (Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1845).
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Sachse, J. F., Benjamin Furly, "an English merchant at Rotterdam," who promoted the first German emigration to American (Philadelphia, 1895).
Sachse, J. F., The German Pietists of Provincial Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, 1895).
Sachse, J. R., The German Sectarians of Pennsylvania 1708-1800, 2 vols. (Philadelphia, 1899-1900).
Scharf, J. T., History of Maryland. . . ,3 vols. (Baltimare, 1879).
Schuyler, G. W., Colonial New York, 2 vols. (New York, 1885).
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Seidensticker, Oswald, Die Erste Deutsche Einwanderung in Amerika, 1683 (Philadelphia, 1883).
Simms, J. R., History of Schoharie County . . . (Albany, 1845).
Simms, J. R., The Frontiersmen of New York, 2 vols. (Albany, 1882-1883).
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Spencer, C. W., Phases of Royal Government in New Yokr, 1691-1719, (Columbus, Ohio, 1905).
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Periodical and Learned Society Contributions
Ames, Herman, V., "The Peopling of the English Colonies in America" in University of Pennsylvania Lectures (Philadelphia, 1915).
Beyer, R.L., "Relations of New York and Pennsylvania 1710-1719," in New York Historical Society Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. XIV (New York, April, 1930).
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Brink, B. M., "The Palatine Settlemetns," In New York State Historical Association Proceedings, Vol. XI (Albany, 1912).
Carpenter, A. H., "Naturalization in England and the American Colonies," in American Historical Review, Vol. IX (New York, January, 1904).
Chichester, H. M., "Robert Hunter," in Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. LXIII (New York, 1891). *
Clark, M. P., "The Board of Trade at Work," in American Historical Review, Vol. XVII (1911-12).
Cobb, S. H., "The Palatine, or German, Immigration to New York and Pennsylvania," In Wyoming Historical and Genealogical Society Proceedings, Vol. VII (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 1897).
Colden "Letters onSmith's History of New York," in New York Historical Society Collections, Vol. I (New York, 1869).
Diffenderffer, F. R., "German Immigration into Pennsylvania through the Port of Philadelphia (1700-1775)." Part II, "The Redemptioner," In Pennsylvania German Society Proceedings, Vol. X (Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1900).
Diffenderffer, F. R., "The German Exodus to England in 1709," in Pennsylvania=German Society Proceedings, Vol. VII (Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1897).
Earl, Robert, "Mohawk Valley and the Palatines," in Herkimer Historical Society Papers (1898)
Earl, Samuel, "The Palatines and their Settlemetn in the Valley of the Mohawk," in Oneida Historical Society Transactions, Vol. I (Utica, New York, 1881).
Edgett, Mrs. H. R., "The Palatines," in Fort Orange Montly (Albany, 1886).
Ellsworth, Reverend W. W., "The Palatines inthe Mohawk Valley," in New York Historical Association Proceedings,Vol. XIV (1915).
Fernsemer, O. F. W., "Daniel Defoe and the Palatine Emigration of 1709. A New View of the Origin of Robinson Crusoe," in Journal of English and Germanic Philology, Vol. XIX (Urbana, Illinois, 1920).
*A supplementary study of Robert Hunter is the work of Richard Laurence Beyer, "Robert Hunter, Royal Governor of New York; a study in Colonial Administration," a manuscript dissertation for the doctorate at the University of Iowa (1929). Professor Beyer deals especially with the political background of the colony and the New York frontier.
Hill, C. F., "The Palatines of 1723, in Wyoming Historial Society Proceedings, Vol. V (Wildkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 1895).
Hinke, W. J., "The First German Reformed Colony in Virginia 1714-1750," in Journal of the Presbyterian Historical Society, Vol. II (Philadelphia, 1903).
Holmes, H. A., "The Palatine Emigration to England in 1709," In Albany Institute Transaction, Vol. VII (1872).
Honeyman, A. van Doven, "Early Palatine Immigration," in Proceedings of New Jersey Historical Society, New Series, Vol. X. (1925).
Honeyman, A. van Doven, "The Lutheran Church of Raritan in the Hills," in Somerset County Historical Quarterly, Vol. II (Somerville, New Jersey, 1913).
Jacobs, H. E., "The German Emigration to America, 1709-1740," in Pennsylvania=German Society Proceedings, Vol. III (Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1898).
Katscher, Leopold, "German Life in London," in Nineteenth Century Magazine, Vol. XXI (London, May, 1887).
Learned, M. D., "Life of Francis Daniel Pastorius the Founder of Germantown," in German-American Anals, Vols. IX and X (Philadelphia, 1908-9).
Matthews, Albert, "The Word 'Palatine' in America," in The Nation, Vol. LXXIV (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1904).
Mays, George, "Palatine and Scotch-Irish Settlers of Lebanon," In Lebanon County Historical Society, Vol. I, (1902).
Mellick, A. D., Jr. "German Emigration to the American Colonies," in Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. X (1886).
Morgan, William Thomas, "Some Attempts at Imperial Co-operation during the Reign of Queen Anne,: in Transcripts of Royal Historical Society, 4th series, Vol X (London, 1927).
Morgan, William Thomas, "The Five Nations and Queen Anne," In Mississippi Valley Historical Review, Vol. XIII (1926).
Morgan, William Thomas, "The Ministerial Revolution of 1710 in England," in Political Science Quarterly, Vol. XXXVI, number 2 (June, 1921).
Pennypacker, S. W., "The Settlement of Germantown," in Pennsylvania=German Society Proceedings, Vol. IX (Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1899).
Richards, H. M. M., "German Emigration from New York Province into Pennsylvania," in Pennsylvania=German Society Proceedings, Vol. IX (Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1899).
Richards H. M. M. "The Weiser Family," In Pennsylvania=German Society Proceedings, Vol. XXXII (Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1924).
R. J. G., "The Palatines in New York and Pennsylvania," in German=American Annals, Vol. X (Philadelphia, 1908).
Schse, J. F., "The Fatherland 1450-1700," in Pennsylvania=German Society Proceedings, Vol. VII (Philadelphia, 1897).
Sauer, Christopher, "An Early Description of Pennsylvania," written (in
1724), translated by R. W. Kelsey in Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. XLV (Philadelphia, 1921).
Scheffer, J. G. de Hoop, "Mennonite Emigration to Pennsylvania," in Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography,Vol. II (1878, number 2).
Seidensticker, Oswald, "William Penn's Travels in Holland and Germany in 1677," in Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. II (Philadelphia, 1878).
Smith, S. H., "The Mennonite Immigration to Pennsylvania in the 18th Century," in Pennsylvania=German Society Proceedings, Vol. XXXV (Norristown, Pennsylvania, 1929).
Spencer, C. W., "The Cornbury Legend," in New York Historical Association Proceedings, Vol, XIII (1916).
Spender, C. W., "The Land System of Colonial New York," In New York State Historical Association Proceedings, Vol. XVI (1917).
Todd, C.B., "Robert Hunter and the Settlement of the Palatines 1710-1719," in Wilson, J. G., Memorial History of New York, Vol. II (New York, 1892).
Todd, C. B., "Robert Hunter and the Settlement of the Palatines," in The National Magazine, Vol. XVII (February, 1893).
Todd, C. B., "The Story of the Palatines," in The Lippincott Magazine, Vol. XXXI (March, 1883).
Trinity College Historical Society, "De Graffenried and the Swiss and Palatine settlement of New Bern, North Carolina," in Trinity College Historical Society Papers, 4th series (1900).
Wilson, J. G., "Lovelance and the Second Canadian Campaign, in American Historical Association Annual Reports for 1891 (Washington, D. C., 1892).
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