Three Rivers
History From America's Most Famous Valleys

The Fourth New York Regiment 1778-1780
The Second New York Regiment, 1780-1783
by Samuel Tallmadge and Others
with Diaries of Samuel Tallmadge, 1780-1782 and John Barr, 1779-1782
Prepared for publication by Almon W. Lauber PH.D. of The division of Archives and History
Albany, The University of the State of New York, 1932.



[On inside font cover]
This Book was Drawn Septe
Peter Elsworth Lieut.
[Also these figures]

Their Respective Regets in the Visinity of the Camp
Main Guard-3 Days Guard(65) [Balance of page torn off]
[All of page except bottom torn off] 5thly, all the sick men [page torn] for and are Known to be at the Places where it is Said to be. 6thly-all those whose furloughs are Upon Such A footing that their Return May be Depended Upon-7thly-lncludes the Men with the Light Corps and all Men Detached on Service who are Realy Doing the Duty of Soldiers in the Ranks No Man Searving as waggoners &c or on any Maniel Duty are to be Included--8thly-the Numbers of Draughts or temporary Levies in Each Regt who are however to be Included in the other. Coulums and only Perticularise in this-9thly-Men who are In listed but whose times are within three or four Months of Expiring Included also in the other Colum.

After Orders October the 13th 1778- [Part of page blank].
At A Brigade Court Martial whereof Colo Courtlandt(66) was President __ Lt. Gilbert Livingston(67) of the 2nd New York Regt was Charged with Absenting

(65) It seems likely that names in parallel rows filled the page.
(66) Philip Van Cortlandt of the 2d New York Regiment. Archives. p. 186. Born on Cortlandt Manor September 1, 1749, and died there November 5, 1831. Eldest son of Lieutenant Governor Pierre Van Cortlandt. Graduated at Kings College 1758 and became a surveyor. In June 1775 made lieutenant colonel of 4th Battalion New York Infantry and colonel of 2d New York Regiment, November 30, 1776. Witnessed the surrender of Burgoyne and in 1779 engaged in Sullivan Expedition. Served in Virginia in 1781 and was present at surrender of Cornwallis. After the Revolution Congress gave him the rank of brigadier general. Served in New York Legislature and in Congress. Clinlon Papers. (See index.)
(67) Lieutenant Gilbert I. Livingston, ensign 6th Company, Colonel James Clinton, September 1. 1776; second lieutenant 2d New York, November 21, 1778; lieutenant, June 28, 1779. Resigned because of illness April 5, 1700. Captain New York Levies summer 1780-81. Archives, p. 191, 257, 259.

himself from Excersice with [out] Liberty from his Comdg officer to the Prejudice of order & Military Disipline Acquited of the Charge The Commanding officer of the Brigade Approves of the Sentence and Orders Lt. Livingston to be Discharged from his Arrest.

At the Same Court Corp Johnston of Colo Duboys(68) Regt was tryed for Desertion found Guilty and Sentenced to Recieve 100 Lashes and be Reduced to the Ranks

Also Serjt Hu1l(69) of said Regt tryed for Neglect of Duty and Sleeping on his Post found Guilty of part of the Charge and Sentenced to be Reduced to the Ranks and Appear the first Day of Exercise with the Brigade Under Arms with his Coat turned.

Octr 12th Mical Havelist (70) of Colo Courtlandts Regt was tryed at the Same Court Charged with being Repeatedly Drunk Disturbing the Camp and Attempting to Escape from the Guard found Guilty and sentenced to Recieve 100 Lashes well laid on. Also Barnerd McGlaughlin(71) of Colo V Scanicks(72) Regt was tryed for Stealing John Babcocks(73) Briches the Court Acquit him of the Teft and Adjudge the Briches to Babcock.

The Commanding officer Approves Each of the Above Sentences and orders that they May be put in Excution this Evening at Guard Mounting at the Head of their Respective Regt.

(68) Colonel Lewis Dubois. captain 3d New York Regiment and 4th Ulster County Regiment; major in 1776; colonel of 5th New York Regiment in 1776. Archives. (See index.)
(60) Sergeant Samuel Hull. enlisted April 21, 1777; sergeant. June 1778. In 5th New York. Colonel Dubois Regiment. 1st Company. Ibid. p. 221.
(70) Michael Havilash (Havelish) private in 7th Company. 2d New York Regiment. Ibid.. p. 194.
(71) Bernard McGaughlin. 5th Company. 1st New York Regiment. Colonel Van Schaick. Ibid. p. 179.
(72) Colonel Goose [Gozen] Van Schaick. born Albany, N. Y. 1737 and died there 1787. Son of Sybrant Van Schaick, mayor of Albany. Won rank of lieutenant colonel in French and Indian War. At the outbreak of the War of Independence he was appointed colonel of the 1st New York Regiment and on November 22, 1775, transferred to the 2d New York Regiment. He acted as brigadier general at battle of Monmouth. In 1779 he led expedition against the Onondaga Indians. He was reported to have one of the best drilled regiments in the army. Appleton, Cyclopedia of American Biography. v. VI. p. 255.
(73) In 6th Company of 5th New York Regiment, Colonel Lewis Dubois. Archives. p 228.

Head Qr Peekskill Octr 14th 1 778

Head Qrs Peekskill Octr 15th 1778
For the Day Tomorrow Lt Colo wisenfeldts(77)
Adjutant Dodge (78)
The Genl is sorry to find by A Sentence of the Late Brigade Court Martial A Custum so Glaringly Abused in it Self and so Utterly Distructive of all Military Discipline hath been So Long Countenanced in the Brigade

The Impropriety of officers Being Exempt from parade or Exorcise or parade the Day Subsequent to their being on Duty is to Evident to need an Illustration. Any officer who is Ignorant of it and woud wish to Inform himself of it May Consult the 4th Article of the 13th Section of the Articles of war.(79)

That the Eldest of officers of A Regt while in Camp is Actually the Commanding officer of the Regt is also too Plain to admit A Doubt Unto his Superiour officor Quartered but one half Quarter of A Mile from Camp. Lt. Livingstons Conduct was therefore highly Culpable because he had No

(74) Captain Israel Smith, 7th Company, 4th New York Regiment, Colonel Henry B. Livingston; paymaster, March 1, 1779. Archives, p. 140, 217.
(75) Charles Newkirk (Nukerck), captain, lieutenant and adjutant, 8th Company, 2d Regiment, Colonel Philip Van Cortlandt, "Deranged January 1781" Ibid., p. 139, 195.
(76) List of officers and men detailed to the main guard. The letters "S S C P" signify subalterns (lieutenants or ensigns), sergeants, corporals, privates. The figures under these letters give the details from the four regiments of the brigade which, as indicated under the 15th were Van Schaick's (1st New York), Van Cortlandt's (2d New York), Livingston's (4th New York) and Dubois' (5th New York). "P" indicates parole or password; and "C. S." indicates countersign.
(77) Frederick Weisenfels, captain 1st New York Line 1775; lieutenant colonel of the 2d New York and then of the 4th New York Regiment in 1776. Ibid. (See index.)
(78) Henry Dodge, lirst lieutenant, 1st Company, New York Regiment. Ibid., p. 119, 220; captain. Ibid., p. 259; and commissary. Ibid., p. 537.
(79) The fourth article of the 13th section of the Articles of War according to the revision of September 20, 1776. Journals of the Continental Congress, v. V, p. 797.

Right to Leave the Limits of the Camp without first Consulting the Commanding officer for the time being. The Genl finds himself Under the Necessity of Being thus Explicit to Prevent in future the Plea of Ignorance being Advanced in Defence of a Crime which he Conceives to be of the Most Destructive Consequences to Military Order & Dicipline.

The State Commissary is ordered to bring in his Accounts Against the Brigade Imediately to the Regt Pay Mr that the Money May [be] Stopped the Next Pay Ment.

Heads Qrs Fredericks Burgh81 Sept 23rd 78
The Honorable The Congress passed the following Resolution of 11 th Instant. (82)

That all officers of the Army Not Authorized by the Resolution of Congress or by the Special Permission of the Commander in Chief to Keep Horses be perhibited tho at their own Exspence from keeping any horse or' horses within forty Miles of the Main Body of the army and that Genl washington be Desired to Appoint proper officers to see this order Carried into' Excution and to Bring to Tryal all offenders Against it.

The Commander in Chief Exspects the Most Pointed Complyance with this Resolve The property and Even the Necessity of which are Stl'ikeing he will in an Especial Manner Look to the Officers Commanding Brigades to see it Punctually Excuted and to suffer no Deviation on Any Pretence whatsoever. A week from this Date is Allowed to Send Away the Supernumery Horses after which the Commissary of Forage is Enjoined to Report to Head Qrs Every horse that falls within his Notice that May be Retained Contrary to this Intention of this Prohibition,

(80) These capital letters are intended to designate the various regiments: VS=Van Schaick's; C=Van Cortlandt's; L=Livingston's; and D=Dubois'.
(81) Fredericks Burgh was a village in the southwestern part of Dutchess county, N. Y., a place of considerable importance during the Revolution.
(82) Journals of the Continental Congress, v. XII, p. 903.

Head Qrs Fredericks Burgh Sept 26th 78
It has Pleased the Honourable Congress to pass the Following Resolve.(83)

In Congress Sept 4th 1778

Resolved that Any Regimental officer who has been or Shall be Ordered by the Commander in Chief or Commanding officer of Any Department on Busyness not Incidental to his office and Distant from Camp be Allowed for the Exspense of himself and horse three Dollars pr Day while Necessarily Employd on Such Service.

The Commander in Chief Directs that when it Shall be Necessary to Send Any Officer on Duty of this Kind the Commanding officer of the Brigade to which he belongs will apply at Head Qrs and an Order will he given Accordingly

(83) Journals of the Continental Congress, v. XII, p. 878.
(84) Continental Village, Philipstown, Putnam county, N. Y., was a post on the east bank of the Hudson river between Fishkill and West Point. It was a depot for military stores of the Continental army as well as a barracks.
In 1775 Peekskill was selected as one of the places where ships were to be built for the Continental navy. \Vorkmen were busy in 1776 building the frigates "Congress" and "Montgomery." This place also became a depot for military stores for the Continental army. The shipbuilders and storekeepers formed a little settlement of their own which came to be calIed Continental VilIage.
(85) Lieutenant Colonel Peter Regnier De Roussi, lieutenant colonel 4th New York Regiment 1776. Archives, p. 209. He lirst had command of French Canadians annexed to the brigade of General George Clinton. Clinton Papers, v. I, p. 447, 453. On February 25, 1777, Congress gave him the rank and pay of a lieutenant colonel from January 12, 1776. Ibid., p. 628. Failing appointment as colonel he resigned in 1780. Ibid., v. V, p. 705.
(86) Peter Elsworth enlisted as volunteer in Captain Elias Hasbrouck's Company July 18, 1775 at age of 24; born in Esopus, and was a gunsmith by trade; had served in E. Bogardus' Militia Company as private and second lieutenant; was 6 feet tall, of fair complexion, with brown hair and blue eyes. In the New York Line, 4th Regiment, 5th Company, he became lieutenant September 1777; adjutant, July 1778-April 1780; captain April II, 1780: mustered to January 1781, and "then deranged." He was reported on July 23, 1781, as killed in action. Archives, p. 172,214,258; Clinton Papers, v. VII, p. 105, 258.
(87) Either parole or countersign.

Camp Continantal Village Or 17th 1778

(88) Lieutenant Colonel Cornelius Van Dyck, captain 2d New York Line 1775; lieutenant colonel 1st New York Regiment and major. Archives, p. 76, 138, 174, 584. In December 1778 he was at Fort Schuyler trying to keep the Oneidas neulral. Clinton Papers, v. IV, p. 417, 492. He was with General James Clinton on the Sullivan Expedition in 1779. Clinton Papers. Throughout the Revolution he had an honorable military career and was especially valuable on the frontier.
(89) Peter B. Tearse, adjutant and lieutenant of the 1st New York Regiment, 1776. Archives, p. 138, 174; Clinton Papers, v. IV, p. 30. He resigned in 1781. Ibid., v. VI, p. 793.
(90) Beekman's was named for Colonel Henry Beekman, who held a colonial patent. Hough, Gazeteer of New York, p. 262.
(91) Hawses Landing. must have been on the Hudson or a branch not far from Continental Village.

(92) Lieutenant Colonel Commandant Frederick Weisenfels, 4th Brigade, 4th New York Regiment. Heitman, Historical Register, p. 579.
(98) Lieutenant James Fairley or Fairlie, 2d New York Regiment November 21,1776. Archives, p. 139, 188. Served in that capacity in the Sullivan Expedition. Clinton Papers, v. V, p. 230. In 1780 he offered his resignation Ibid., p. 480, but seems still to have been attached to the 2d New York Regiment in 1783. Ibid., v. VIII, p. 195.
(94) Kings Ferry crossed the Hudson river below Fort Clinton from Verplanck's Point to the west shore at Stony Point above Haverstraw Bay. See map, Clinton Papers, v. II, p. 380; v. V, p. 152.
(95) Crossed out in manuscript.
(96) Ibid.
(97) Total incorrect.
(98) Total incorrect.
(99) Colonel Henry Beekman Livingston, 4th New York Regiment, November 21, 1776, resigned .January 13, 1779. Archives.
(100) On the west bank of the Hudson river, Orange county, N. Y., near Kingston.

Orderly Books #1, part two

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