Three Rivers
Hudson~Mohawk~Schoharie
History From America's Most Famous Valleys

Robert M. Hartley Collections of Indian Artifacts (Chiefly of the Mohawk Valley) and Military Uniform Buttons in the Margaret Reaney Memorial Library, St. Johnsville, NY
Prepared by The Montgomery County Department of History and Archives and
The Van Epps-Hartley Chapter of the
New York State Archaeological Association
Published by Mrs. Robert M. Hartley, 1943

A Little of The Story and Interests As Told by Old Military Buttons

OLD BUTTONS

FOUND-in "the land of the Pioneer,
Where a life-long feud was heated,
Where the League of the Men, whose Coats were Red,
With the Men of the Woods, whose Skins were Red,
Was riveted, forged and sealed."

FOUND-on the Fields of Battle
Where'er the King's Colors have waved,
Where the bullets of England hummed
While the drummers of England drummed,
For the Storm the Patriots braved,

FOUND-on the shores of Rivers and Lakes,
Seldom in the hills and deep ravines,
Where the hunters watched and waited
To get a shot at the Men they hated
Butter's Rangers and Johnson's Greens.

FOUND-midst the debris of Barrack and Fort,
Where the worn out coats were cast,
Where the Prisoners of War were in Camp,
With the Bones of the Dead in the damp,
They come to us Searchers-at last.

Oh! but could these old Buttons
Tell more than we know of them now,
Could they tell us who wore them
And could we see them who saw them,
In the days of Cornwallis and Howe.

R. M. H., 1911.
Robert W. Chambers (Cardigan).

A LITTLE OF THE STORY AND INTERESTS AS TOLD

BY OLD MILITARY BUTTONS

THERE are few people perhaps in our country, who may believe that it is possible for anyone to go out at this late day, and find the military buttons of the British and American Soldiery of the Revolutionary period. However, this is being done, and has been done successfully, by a comparatively few ardent button collectors, since about 1890. These energetic workers have devoted many hours, days and years, in their research of the debris of the old Revolutionary forts, camp and barrack sites located around New York City, the Lower Hudson Valley, Lake George and Champlain sections, and along the Canadian border. For, as a matter of fact, wherever the soldiery have been stationed, they have left behind them their buttons and many other objects of military character of historical interest.

Surface discoveries are uncertain and comparatively scarce. Experience soon teaches one to locate the most likely places where the debris from the various sites would be thrown; over sloping banks or buried in pits dug nearby to receive the refuse from the kitchens, the damaged or obsolete military material, and, particularly, the worn out or out-of-date clothing of the troops. When these are located, a careful sifting of the soil reveals many objects of greater or less interest of the soldiery, who were stationed at or occupied the fort or site in the long ago.

Regimental buttons were first authorized to be numbered in the British Army in 1751; before that they were perfectly plain. Inspection returns show that, in the Revolutionary days, the British officers, conducting an inspection of a regiment, paid particular attention to the buttons upon the uniforms, noting the number of the buttons and their arrangement upon the garments, the color of the buttons, etc, This was in accordance to the "King's Regulations." The buttons worn by the men of the British Army were of white metal or pewter, and continued so until down to 1855, when the modern or two-piece button came into use. Previous to this, and during the War of Independence, the buttons worn by the men were flat or slightly convex. The officers' buttons, down to about 1785, were a composite affair. The face was of thin repousse silver or gold and generally of a beautiful design, which included the regimental number. These thin metallic faces of the officers' buttons were cemented to a bone or ivory back, with the projecting edge folded around a groove cut in the bone or ivory. These were attached to the garments by an eye formed by two loops of stout cord or gut through the back of the button. Frail as those buttons were, many have been found in almost perfect condition in the camps around New York City.

You may notice among some of the camp refuse shown, thin discs of bone of different sizes; these were cut with center bits from beef bones by the tailors and men in the regiments, after which they were perforated for use on the underwear of the soldiers, usually made by the tailors of the regiment.

Numbered cross-breast plates for the officers came about 1770, and for the men a little later. Numbered belt plates were also first worn about this time.

With the adoption of distinctive buttons for the various regiments in the British service, a great variety of designs came into use. A favorite one for the private soldier's buttons was a plain field, bearing the regimental number in large raised figures surrounded by a rope border. Buttons were rarely plain-that is bearing no design, save the numbers. The few exceptions known are the l0th and 54th Foot and the 33rd officers.

When the old British regiments were raised in the 17th and early part of the 18th centuries, the regiments were known by the names of their commanders-thus "Frazier's Highlanders," which later became the 71st Reg't of Foot, "Phillip's Reg't"-the 40th, "McDonald's Highlanders" the 70th Foot, etc., etc. The regimental numbers were dropped in 1881, and since have County designations, and thus the old 71st is now known as the "Highland Light Infantry," the 40th is the "South Lancashire," and the 76th the "West Riding Reg't."

There is so much of historical interest regarding the British and American military buttons of the Revolution, that one hardly knows where to begin or leave off. But none of the mementoes, left by the various regiments who participated in that struggle, are deserving of greater interest than the inscribed buttons of the various organizations. They tell their own story, absolutely. First, these buttons tell us the regiments, which their numerals represent, were present on the ground or scenes of action where found. This interest is historical and there are other interests, military and patriotic, and the charm and magic that goes with objects which have spanned the centuries and have been associated with great deeds. I may here say, whoever wished to make a study or learn something of the services of certain regiments taking a part in the campaigns or battles, or where they were located or posted, in reading our histories and the descriptions of such campaigns and engagements, will be discouraged, for very little information of the services of the many and various regiments is to be found in any of our histories. So, these inscribed and numbered buttons are a most valuable adjunct, when found on the numerous sites and grounds, occupied and camped upon by the soldiers of England and of the Americans, for they are a sure indication that such corps and regiments were on the ground and present, for they could be worn only by men attached to the corps which the numbers on the buttons represent.

In addition to the military buttons, occasionally are found, the numbered and ornamental cross-belt and belt plates, cap and cartridge box badges, fragments of gold and silver lace from the officers' worn and discarded uniforms, and many varieties of sleeve links. These and many other accessories of military character are sifted from the debris of the camps. Bullets, grape-shot, cannon balls and shells, gun flints, including the ever-present broken, and occasionally whole, rum bottles, the "T. D." and "W. G." clay pipes, razor blades, Barlow jack-knives, table knives, forks, spoons, ice creepers, iron tent peg points, meat and fish bones, and numerous other objects of interest, pertaining to the soldiery, camp equipment and army life were found in those camps.

It matters not where you go, all the many camp sites and posts of the Revolutionary period and War of 1812, even if occupied for brief periods, will, by research and proper investigation, produce something of more or less historical interest. And, every now and then, something of unusual interest will come to light, and sometimes may be traced back to the original owners. Of this, I may cite two incidents. A few years ago, a solid silver sword belt plate of the 28th British Regiment was found in the "Hut Camp" at Arden Street, Upper Broadway, New York City, and, on the back, was engraved the initials "J. E." An inquiry, addressed to the British War Office asking what officer of the 28th Reg't bearing these initials was in America during the years from 1776 to 1778, brought this reply-that, without doubt, it belonged to Lieut. James Edwards, who was commissioned, August 23rd, 1775; that he was badly wounded in the Battle of Brandywine in 1777 and his name was dropped from the Army lists in 1778; also, that he had many descendants living in England.

Another instance of long lost property, coming to light after more than 130 years, was, moreover, the property of a well-known but unfortunate British General. In 1908, my button bunting friend, W. L. Calver of New York, and I were up at Old Fort Frederick and Crown Point, for several days. One afternoon, tired from digging, we took a walk south along the lake shore and, about a mile down, we inquired of a young man, at the first farm, if they ever found on their farm any French and Indian or Revolutionary war relics. His reply was "Yes," and he showed us a large box in the cellar, well filled with miscellaneous articles. The three of us hauled it up the outside cellar-way, hastily turning it out on the ground. Everything in it was interesting to us, and I noticed what looked to be an old time, double-cased watch, On opening it, it was found to be what had been a very fine compass. The glass face was not broken, but the post, holding the indicating arrow, was rusted away. Upon close examination, I noticed the initials, "J. B.", engraved on the case, and I remarked with a smile: "This may have belonged to General Burgoyne!" When the young man said-"Yes, that was what we thought." Later that summer, I was down at our State Historian's Office, and, noticing a book lying on a table, I picked it up. It was a diary or record of the Burgoyne Expedition, as they journeyed from Montreal to Saratoga.

In turning through the pages, I read that Burgoyne's army encamped on the plain, about a mile south of Fort Amherst, on the night of June 30th, 1777, and that, the next morning, notice was given out that General Burgoyne had lost his compass and anyone finding it would be rewarded by bringing it to headquarters. John Burgoyne never recovered his compass, but the owner of the farm-the late John Rains--found it in one of his fields, after being lost for over 130 years. There's a fine, large button of the 20th regiment in the collection, It belonged to one of the regiments in Burgoyne's army. This was also found on the Rains' farm. This regiment was never before or after in this part of the country, but that one night-the 30th of June, 1777-yet General Burgoyne lost his compass and some soldier of the regiment lost a button from his uniform.

Strange as it may be, losing their buttons seems to have been a regular epidemic among all British soldiers.

On the northern part of Manhattan Island, were once the crowded camps of the British and Hessian soldiers, and, throughout the seven years of the Revolution, upwards of thirty-five regiments were quartered at various periods, in the narrow valley, eastward of the Inwood Hills, and Washington Heights. This section was not only the camping ground of the British troops, which garrisoned the island of New York and stubbornly blocked its recapture by the American forces, but it was also the scene of the fierce conflict around Fort Washington, as well as several sharp skirmishes between the forts crowning the hills. It was early discovered that one of the larger sites of these hut camps had been regularly laid out in streets, so an actual survey was made of the site and, as the excavating of the site progressed, a complete record was kept and catalogued of every object found. Each of the hut sites against the sloping hillside was carefully dug out, which the soldiers had dug back into the bank. Well built fireplaces of stone were found in the back, and the hearths were often laid with brick, on which an occasional bar-shot was found, indicating they had been used as andirons. The floors were packed hard with sand. In the years of systematic and patient research, an enormous amount of most interesting objects of varying character was found, which, when carefully studied and arranged, comprises a most unique and almost complete collection of British Revolutionary war mementoes. And, more important of all, the numbered buttons of the men who lived in the huts give positive assurance that certain regiments had occupled the encampment during some period between 1776 and 1783. It was only the energy and enthusiasm of the explorers for nearly fifteen years that kept them one jump ahead of the rapid erection of the apartment houses over the Dyckman flats, which is now almost solidly built over.

In the course of observation of the British occupation in and around New York City during the Revolution, attention was called to certain earthworks located at Richmond, Staten Island. A survey of the hill disclosed a number of trenches and pits, which appeared to be military. Here, along the hillside east of the old stone fort, were found several large deposits of military camp refuse of every description, indicating an occupation of several years during the War of Independence. The discoveries were varied and interesting and, in addition to its increasing military knowledge, produced, in August, 1919, an unexpected find-a private's button of the 55th Foot. Previous to this, one or more buttons, of every British regiment in service in America during the Revolution, had been found and it had almost become a fixed fact that this button never would be found. Consequently, its finding caused great hilarity. Confronted with the long desired button, Mr. Calver, who had often said, if this button ever comes to light that life held no further attractions for him, promptly laid down in the hole and asked to be buried, but he recovered, after a few shovels of dirt bad been thrown on him. And, I am glad to say, he is still going strong.

From the numerous Revolutionary sites along both sides of Hudson from Newburgh to New York and from the old forts and camp sites along Lake George and Champlain and the Niagara Frontier, much also has been recovered, including, from the northern section, many buttons and objects from the War of 1812 and a considerable number from even the old French and Indian War.

As we study our history of those old days and of the regiments and men who took a part, it not only increases our knowledge of the times but we learn of the horrors of war, of the sacrifices and loss of life and we admire the bravery of the men. We, of the Mohawk Valley, can never forget the great loss of the Tryon County regiments which met ambush and death on the field of Oriskany, when 850 went into battle and one out of every five were killed, and one-half of the whole were wounded and made prisoners.

There is a plain brass button in the collection, given me in 1890 by the late A. G. Richmond of Canajoharie. It's just a common button such as everybody wore one hundred and fifty years ago, yet this button-plain as it may be-is of more than ordinary interest, for it once belonged to General Nicholas Herkimer and was worn by him on his uniform on that terrible day in the Oriskany woods, where so many brave men died and where he was fatally wounded. Mr. Richmond obtained this button from some descendant of the Herkimer family. I prize it highly, but some day will present it to the Herkimer home. This button was presented to the home in August, 1939.

I have always taken a great interest in our Mohawk Valley, its Revolutionary history and those who left a dark and bloody trail when they came back to murder, raid and destroy. In every raid on our frontiers, the men taking part were always from the same regiments and were detachments from the King's 8th and 34th, together with Butler's Rangers or Johnson's Greens and the Indians under Brant. The buttons of these regiments always seem especially attractive because of their frequent presence and activity. They are all contained in the collection. Buttons of the first three regiments were comparatively common, but that of Johnson's Greens are very scarce. Apparently, when the first battalion of this Loyalist regiment was raised in 1776-77, the button, worn by them, was inscribed with a plain "N. Y." while that of the second battalion, raised in 1778, contained the inscription "K. R. R. of New York" (King's Royal Regiment of New York). The "N. Y." in the collection was found in the Chippawa River, Canada, in 1915, while that of the second battalion came from old Fort Haldiman, Carleton Island, in the St. Lawrence River. This "N. Y.", so far as is known, is the only one ever found and only two privates' and a single officer's were seived out of the camp refuse on Carleton Island. Another rare button is the 84th, or "Royal Highland Emigrants." The one in the collection was found at Fort George, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Canada, in 1905, and it was not until 1932 that three others were found on Carleton Island. This regiment was raised during the early part of the Revolution, from discharged men who formerly belonged to the famous Black Watch (42nd), Montgomeries (77th), and Frazier's (78th), who had settled in North America in 1763, after the French and Indian War. This regiment of old veterans took an active part in the Revolution but their buttons are very scarce. The regiment was disbanded in 1784.

And so the story goes. The mere finding of a uniform button may represent much or little according to the finder's interest, but, if one wished to trace the history of a particular regiment and of its services in the old wars, he will find many occasions where indomitable courage and gallantry were displayed, which has been recorded and treasured in memory, song and verse, of brave men, who went to sure death against overwhelming numbers. For instance, who has not read of the long and distinguished services of that more than famous regiment of Scotch Highlanders, known as the Black Watch. "Black", from its somber tartan, and "Watch", because it was formed to keep order in the Highlands, otherwise known as the 42nd Royal Highlanders. It was raised in 1667 and no British regiment has a more honorable record for distinguished service performed in any part of the world. This noted regiment saw service in the French and Indian War, landing in New York in June, 1756, one thousand strong, and every man a Highlander. During that summer, they were stationed here at Schenectady, and along the Mohawk River as far west as German Flats. In the assault on the French lines at Ticonderoga, in 1759, the Black Watch sustained a loss of 24 officers and 624 men killed and wounded, 297 were left dead within the breastworks. The extent of this casualty can be better comprehended when it is realized that it is twice as high a percentage as the loss of the Light Brigade at Balaklava, immortalized by Tennyson.

In connection therewith, many of you no doubt have seen in the Union Cemetery, between Fort Edward and Hudson Falls, a gravestone with the following inscription: "Here lyes the Body of Duncan Campbell of Inverawe, Esq., Major of the Highland Regiment, aged 55 years, who died the 17th of July, 1758, of the wounds he received in the attact of the Retrenchments of Ticonderoga, or Carillion, on the 8th of July, 1758."

In the "Legendary Tales of the Highlands", by Sir Thomas Dick Lauder, it is related, at considerable length, that this same Duncan Campbell, who was Major of the old Black Watch, or Highland Regiment, had once given shelter, at Inverawe, to a stranger, who came to him besmeared with blood, said that he had killed a man and that pursuers were on his track and begged for shelter. This Campbell, through pity, promised and swore on his dirk. Later, it appeared that the murdered man was Campbell's own cousin, but he kept his oath, whereupon, that night, he saw the ghost of the murdered cousin, who pronounced in sepulchral tones the words: "Inverawe, Invefawe, blood has been shed. Shield not the murderer!" Still Campbell would not give up the man he had sworn on his dirk to harbor but took him to a cave, from whence he subsequently escaped. Then the ghost appeared again and exclaimed: "Farewell, Inverawc, till we meet at Ticonderoga!" a name and place Inverawe had never before heard. Subsequently, he came to America as Major of the Black Watch regiment, and, in due time, learned to his consternation that the army was to attack a fort so called. His spirits fell at once. Nothing could convince him that his earthly end was not at band. His brother officers knew bow be felt and, on the way down the lake, conspired with him to call the point of their attack Fort George. But on the morning of the battle he said to them: "You have deceived me. It is not Fort George; it is Ticonderoga. He came to my tent last night and I shall die today." He was mortally wounded in the attack and died ten days later.

"And far from the hills of heather,
Far from the isles of the sea,
He sleeps in the place of the name
As it was doomed to be."

Many others of these buttons bring to our attention the bravery and courage displayed and the horrors, tragedy and losses of war. In this connection, I may mention the near annihilation of the men of the Royal Scots and 100th Regiments in the battle of Chippawa and of the First Battalion of the 89th, in the battle of Lundy's Lane, in July, 1814two battles little heard about and briefly mentioned in our histories.

In the battle of Chippawa, the Royal Scots lost 200 out of 500 men and 14 officers killed and wounded out of 19 in the field, and the 100th Regiment, out of 355 engaged, only 146 men escaped. In the battle of Lundy's Lane, twenty days after, which was largely fought in the faint light of a smoke-obscured moon, of the 89th, out of 400 officers and men engaged of the First Battalion, 249 were killed and wounded. The total British loss of all engaged was 874 out of 1,637, while that of the Americans was 171 killed and 572 wounded. "What carnage!" One British officer describes it: "A reign of carnage, shoulder to shoulder, foot to foot, the combatants fought with more than mortal energy, for upwards of two hours they stood face to face at not more than 60 to 70 feet apart, swaying slowly over the ground. Three times were the cannon taken and retaken and the muzzles of the guns only a few yards apart, and still they advanced with clubbed muskets and bayonets desperately striving to gain the ground they had lost."

The dead soldiers were buried in the artillery and infantry trenches, and some years ago, in the enlargement of the Lundy's Lane Cemetery, these trenches were exposed when grading the grounds and, being identified by the buttons and other military accoutrements, were later reinterred with military honors in the Lundy's Lane Cemetery. And here, the unknown soldiers of that fateful night sleep on the Lundy's Lane hill, where the sound of Niagara's war of waters forever rise and fall above their honored graves.

Many are the interests connected with the uniform buttons of our old wars. Few people know about them. Their historical interest, of course, is foremost, yet the student of military equipment discovers, in a collection of these miscellaneous mementoes, a mine of information, while the art lover and the numismatist each find material to feed their fancy or to assist in their particular lines of research.

ROBERT M. HARTLEY
Amsterdam, N.Y.

CASE A DRAWERS
A-1, A-7, A-13, A19 to A-22, A-25 and A-26

1 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 6th REGT.

A few buttons of this Regt. have been found in the British camps in New York City where they were quartered for a few months after their return from the West Indies in summer of 1777. They have no war record in Revolution and also no record of ever having been in camp on Staten Island, but this specimen was found in the debris of British camp at Richmond, Staten Island, April 21, 1919.

2 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 6th REGT.

Organized in Holland, 1673. Served in West Indies and came to New York, 1777, in a sickly condition. Appears to have no war record in the Revolution. After a few months' stay in New York, returned to England. 181 Street and B'way, New York City. 1910, by W. L. Calver.

3 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 2nd OR COLDSTREAM GUARDS.

One of the oldest organizations of the entire British Army, raised in 1660. Three Co's of the 2nd, four of ist and three of 3rd formed the Battalion of Guards commanded by Col. Edward Mathew of C. G. Took part in War of Independence. Saw much service in all campaigns and surrendered at Yorktown less than 500 officers and men. British Camp, New York City, W. L. Calver, 1919.

4 TWO TYPES V OF BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 5th REGT. OF FOOT. Landed in Boston, July, 1774. In Battle of Long Island. In 1778, sailed for West Indies, then to England. Embarked for Canada, 1787, serving at various stations until 1797. 1ist Battalion in Canada in 1814, in Battle of Plattsburgh, but never west of Kingston. Chippawa River, Ont., 1915.

5 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 1st AMERICAN OR "QUEEN'S RANGERS". Original Regiment raised in the early part of Revolution. Surrendered at Yorktown. Disbanded at close of war. This Regiment raised in 1791. Came to Canada 1792, remained until disbanded in 1802. Fort Erie, 1907. Chippawa River, Ont., 1915.
Maker, Nutting, Covent Garden.

6 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON. JOHNSON'S ROYAL REGT. OF NEW YORK.

Undoubtedly the button worn by the notorious corps commonly known as "JOHNSON'S GREENS." The only button ever known to have been found. Chippawa River, Ont., 1915.

7 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 43rd REGT.

The first Regiment sent to America at the outbreak of the Revolution, at Bunker Hill. Fought through the war and joined Cornwallis from New York and surrendered at Yorktown. In War of 1812. 201st Street-9th Ave., New York City.

8 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON. "THE ROYAL REGT.- OR ROYAL SCOTS. Served on the Niagara Frontier in War of 1812-15. Lost at Chippawa, out of seven companies ngaged, 11 officers and 207 men. At Lundy's Lane, 172 out of 500 men. The button probably worn during War of 1812-15. Fort George, 1907. Button made by Nutting, London.

9 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 17th FOOT. Private's button of "Raised Figure" variety with a narrow milled border. 17th Regt. Camp, New York City. From W. L. Calver, 1916.

10 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 24th REGT. OF FOOT. Served with Burgoyne and surrendered. In 1789, Regiment embarked for Quebec. Stationed at Montreal until 1792. Afterwards, Detroit, Montreal and other posts. Returned to England in 1800. Fort Erie, 1907.

11 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 24th REGT. OF FOOT. A rare plain button of this Regiment. All others, so far found, have a circlet of arrows around face of button. Figures are also of different type. Contains no maker's name, therefore an early design, before 1800. Chippawa River, Ont., 1915.

12 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 24th REGT. OF FOOT.

Served with Burgoyne and surrendered. 1789 embarked for Quebec At Montreal until 1792. Afterwards, at the other frontier posts. Returned to England, 1800. Chippawa River, Summer, 1915.

13 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 17th FOOT. Formed in 1688. Came to America in 1758 and was active in French and Indian War. Returned home after 10 years' service. In Revolution was one of the most conspicuous and unfortunate Regiments. Landing in Boston, Dec., 1775, it was in nearly every battle during the war. Completely broken and 300 taken at Princeton; the entire Regiment and its colors captured at Stony Point. Surrendered at Yorktown. After exchange, in service in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland until 1788 when returned to England. -17th Regt. Camp." Inwood, New York' From W. L. Calver, 1916. Officers.

14 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 34th REGT. OF FOOT. Raised in 1702. As button bears no maker's name, so it must be ascribed to a period before 1800. Regiment was not in Canada during 1812 War. Fort Erie, 1915.

15 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 20th REGT. OF FOOT. Entire Regiment with Burgoyne and surrendered at Saratoga.

16 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 20th REGT. OF FOOT. About 1820 (Haggard). Fort Crown Point, September, 1908.

17 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 26th REGT. OF FOOT. Fort George, Canada, 1907.

18 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 26th REGT. OF FOOT. In War of Independence. Not in War of 1812-15. Probably stationed on the Niagara before 1812 War, as the border design is not like those worn during Revolutionary period. Chippawa River, Ont., Summer, 1915.

19 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 34th REGT. OF FOOT. Raised in 1702. Grenadier and Light Companies with Burgoyne and surrendered at Saratoga. Other Companies remained in Canada, part of them being with St. Leger taking part in Battle of Oriskany. Later, in raids in Mohawk and Schoharie Valleys and Battle of Johnstown. Associated with Johnson's Greens and Butler's Rangers. Fort Erie, Canada, 1907.

20 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 23rd REGT. OF FOOT. "Royal Welsh Fusiliers." Fought in nearly every battle of the Revofution. At Lexington, formed a hollow square to protect the British. Fort George, New York City, 1900.

21 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 26th REGT. OF FOOT. Raised March, 1689. Under Clinton in fights at Forts Montgomery and Clinton. Returned to England in 1780. Not in War of 1812. This Regiment saw much service on Canadian border and on Lake Champlain and Ticonderoga. 2" button found near Pell's block-house, 1920. Fort Ticonderoga, Sept. 6, 1908.

22 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 21st FOOT. Came to Canada in 1776. Entire Regiment with Burgoyne in Saratoga campaign in 1777 and surrendered. In 1812 War, was the first British Regiment to enter Washington and set fire to the city (1814). Formerly known as "North British Fusiliers," now as "Royal Scotch Fusiliers. Carleton Island, St. Lawrence River, 1926.

22a BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, XX REGT. OF FOOT. With Burgoyne's Army and surrendered at Saratoga. Held as prisoners of war in camp at Somerville, Mass., until 1783, when returned to England. Prospect Hill Park, Somerville, Mass., 1902.

23 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, "KING'S" OR 8th REGT. Detachments of the 8th were associated with Butler's Rangers during War of Revolution and were stationed on the frontier. Regiment was in Canada when War of 1812 broke out and fought all through the war. Fort Erie, 1905.

24 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 22nd OR MANCHESTER VOLUNTEER. Sailed from Ireland to Boston in 1775. Their commander, Lieut. Col. Abercromby, was killed in Battle of Bunker Hill. Left Boston, 1776, for Nova Scotia, then came to Staten Island. Fought in 5th Brigade in Battle of Long Island, attack on Fort Washington and capture of Rhode Island. In 1779, again in New York and vicinity and remained there until evacuation day, 1783. British Camp, Richmond, S. I. W. L. Calver, 1919.

25 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 14th FOOT. Formed in 1685. Was in Virginia when Revolutionary War began. Came to New York in 1776, taking part in the engagements in that vicinity. Returned to England in 1777. A rare button, found in the -17th Camp" on the Dyckman Farm, New York City. Buttons of the 14th have a milled border, the only one of this pattern so far found. W. L. Calver, Sept. 4, 1916.

26 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 17th FOOT. Private's buttons of the most conspicuous and unfortunate British Regiment in the American Revolution. Figures incised on face surrounded with a rope border. -17th Regt. Camp," New York City. From W. L. Calver, 1916.

27 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, KING'S OR 8th REGT. Fort Erie, 1902.

28 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, Vth REGT. Landed in Boston, July, 1774. In Battle of Long Island. In 1778, sailed for West Indies, then to England. Embarked for Canada, 1787, serving at various stations until 1797. 1st Battalion, Canada, in 1814. In Battle of Plattsburgh, but never west of Kingston. Fort Erie, 1905. Large Chippawa River, 1915. This -V- is the oldest type of button.

29 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, V REGT. OF FOOT. Landed in Boston, July, 1774. In Battles of Bunker Hill, Long Island and New York, etc. They took a prominent part in War of Independence in vicinity of New York until Nov. 3, 1778, when sailed for the West Indies and from there to England. British Camp Richmond, Staten Island, April 21, 1919.

30 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, lXth REGT. OF FOOT. Entire Regiment with Burgoyne and surrendered at Saratoga. Button found by C. H. Gurney in 1893, on the Freeman Farm, Bemis Heights Battle Ground. In the possession of Percy M. Van Epps 15 years and by him presented to me, Oct., 1908. Bemis Heights Battle Ground, Saratoga, 1893.

31 BRITISH ARMY BUTTONS, 10th REGT. FOOT. Embarked for Nova Scotia, 1767. Left for Boston in Spring, 1768. Left Boston, 1776, for Nova Scotia in June, landed at Staten Island. Fought through campaigns of 1776-77-78. Sailed for England in October. Buttons identically the same as above are found on Manhattan Island. No evidence that Regiment served in Canada in Revolution. Fort Erie, 1907.

32 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 44th REGT. OF FOOT.

33 Arrived in Boston after Bunker Hill. At Long Island, Brandywine and Freehold. In New York until 1789, when went to Canada. In War of 1812. Capture of Washington and Battle of New Orleans. Fort George, New York City, Feb., 1899.

34 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 47th REGT. OF FOOT. At Boston and Battle of Bunker Hill in 1775, also Lexington. Went to Canada and served on the Lakes. In 1777, joined Burgoyne's Army and entire Regiment was surrendered. Fort Crown Point, Sept. 3, 1908.

35 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, "BLACK WATCH" OR 42nd REGT. Crown Point, New York, 1936.

36 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 70th OR "SURRY" REGT. Designated "Sorry" in 1787. Maj. Gen. Tryon was Colonel of this Regiment in 1779. Regiment was also in War of 1812. Embarked from Cork., Aug. 31, 1813, arriving in Canada in November. Stationed at Quebec and nearly every other post. Returned to England, 1827, Fort George, 1907.

37 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 71st REGT. OF FOOT OR FRAZIER'S HIGHLANDERS. Sailed from Glenock with 42nd Regiment, Apr., 1776, 2,300 men. Battles of Long Island, Harlem, Stony Point, Savannah, Camden, etc. Surrendered at Yorktown. 17th Camp, Inwood, New York City, Feb. 26, 1909.

38 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 60th OR ROYAL AMERICANS. Raised in America in 1755. In French and Indian Wars. Also took an active part in War of Revolution. On Niagara Frontier, from 1778 to 1779. This button, of different design, probably of 1780-1790 period. Chippawa River, Ont., Summer, 1915. Ivy leaf border.

39 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 74th REGT. "THE ARGYLE HIGHLANDERS." Raised in 1778. Embarked from Grenock in August. Landed at Halifax, Spring of 1779, came to New York. Grenadier and Light Companies. Joined the Army before seige of Charleston. In operations around Penobscot, where remained until end of war. New York City, April, 1909.

40 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 67th REGT. OF FOOT. Never fought in U. S. during Revolution. Campbell. Falls View-Niagara Falls, Ont.

41 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, KING'S ROYAL REGT. OF N. Y. OR "JOHNSON'S GREENS." Organized by Sir John Johnson, 1776. Disbarked, 1785. Second Battalion raised, 1780. Headquarters, Lachine. Stationed at Carleton Island, Fort Niagara, Montreal and other Canadian posts. Carleton Island, 1932.

42 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, BUTLER'S RANGERS Butler's Rangers' Camp Site, near Ft. George, 1907.

43 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, R.P. The "Royal Provincials" was a Tory Corps raised by Col. Robinson in and near New York, and is sometimes referred to as "Robinson's Provincial Corps," was also known as the "Loyal Americans." It is most probable that the R.P. buttons stand for Royal Provincials or Robinson's Provincials. Richmond, S. I., Apr., 1919.

44 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 34th REGT. OF FOOT. Button of the 34th Regiment of Foot found at Ft. Erie, Canada, 1902. Found at Ft. Erie, Canada, Sept. 8, 1905.

45 SILVER BRAID OF 17th FOOT OFFICERS. Each Regiment used a different weave. Richmond, Staten Island, April, 1919.

46 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 34th REGT. OF FOOT. With olive leaf border. Fort Erie, 1907.

47 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 37th REGT. OF FOOT. A fourth variety-with a peculiar odd figure "Y'. A rare design. British Fort George, 1907.

57 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 45th REGT. In Boston in 1775. In Battle of Long Island. Returned to England with scarcely 100 men. Designated "Nottingham" in 1779. Now called "Sherwood's Foresters" or "Derbyshire" Regiment. 181 Street and Broadway, New York City, 1910, by W. I. C.

58 BRITIS14 ARMY BUTTON, 49th REGT. OF FOOT. Fought at Bunker Hill, Long Island, etc., etc. In War of 1812, at Battle of Queenston, Ft. George, Black Rock and Stony Creek. Fort George, 1907.

59 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 52nd REGT. Suffered severely at Bunker Hill, Grenadiers losing all but 8 officers and men. Winter of 1778 at Philadelphia, Battle of Long Island. Also encamped in New York. New York, April,1909.

60 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 53rd OR SHROPSHIRE REGT. OF FOOT. Two Companies sailed from Cork in 1776 with the Burgoyne Expedition and surrendered with the army at Saratoga. A detachment was at Ticonderoga in 1777. Fort Erie, 1907.

61 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 56th REGT. OF FOOT. Served in Canada during the Revolution. Never fought in American War of Independence. Fort George, 1907.

62 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 57th REGT. OF FOOT. Buttons of this Regiment, containing the rope or corded border design, have been found on nearly every British camp on Manhattan Island, but the above specimen of the broken circle design is extremely rare. British Camp, Richmond, Staten Island, April 21, 1919.

63 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 58th REGT. OF FOOT. In Battle of Long Island. Buttons of the 57th are found in nearly all of the British Camps on Manhattan Island occupied during the Revolution. In Peninsular War with Wellington and sailed from Bordeaux to America in 1814, landing at Quebec. Fort George, New York City, Camp, Richmond, Staten Island, April, 1919.

48 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 37th REGT. OF FOOT.

49 Two varieties. Both of heavy bold figures but wreaths of different designs. British Camp, Richmond, Staten Island, April 21, 1919.

50 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 37th REGT. OF FOOT. Came to America, 1775. Returned to England, 1782. Was brigaded with 10th, 38th and 57th Regiments. Saw much service in and around New York, encamped most of the time at Richmond, S. I, where this button was found. Officer's gold-faced, ivory back. April 21, 1919.

51 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 37th REGT. OF FOOT.

52 Came to America, 1775. Returned to England, 1782. Brigaded with l0th, 38th and 57th Regiments. Served around New York and vicinity, being encamped much of the time on Staten Island, where buttons of three varieties have been found in large numbers. Buttons of the 37th, from British Hut Sites on Manhattan Island, are rather rare. British Camp, Richmond, S. L, April 21, 1919.

53 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 38th REGT. OF FOOT.

54 In America, from 1775 to 1779. Commanded by Col. Pigot. In Battle of Bunker Hill. Came to New York in 1776. Brigaded with loth, 37th and

57th. Saw much service around New York and vicinity and was quartered in the various camps on Manhattan Island. New York City, 1917. From W. 1. C., 1919.

55 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 43rd FOOT. 201st St. and 9th Ave., New York.

56 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 44th, REGT. OF FOOT. February, 1899.

64 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 64th REGT. Landed at Boston early in 1775. At Dorchester Heights, Brooklyn, Ridgefield, Brandywine, Charleston, Eautaw Springs. In garrison at Stony Point, then Harlem and finally in New York. New York City, April, 1909.

65 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 76th REGT. OF FOOT OR

66 "MacDONALD'S HIGHLANDERS." Raised in the Highlands, 1777 and 1778. 1,068 men. Maj. John Mae. Donald, Lieut. Col., landed in New York, 1779. Quartered in New York and Staten Island. 1781, sailed to Virginia and joined Cornwallis. Surrendered at Yorktown, 715 men. Disbanded, Stirling Castle, 1784. Fort George, New York City, 1903. 2nd 17th Camp, New York City, 1913.

67 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 76th REGT. OF FOOT, "Hindoostan Peninsular." Fort George, 1907.

68 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, OLD 84th OR "ROYAL HIGHLAND EMIGRANTS." Raised in 1775 from among the discharged men of 42 "Black Watch," 77 (Montgomery's) and 78 (Frazier's), who had settled in America, by Col. McLean. In service on frontier. Part of second Battalion with Clinton and Cornwallis. Uniformed in full Highland garb. Disbanded, 1785. So far as is known this is the only button of old 84th ever found. Fort George, Canada, 1907.

69 BRITISH ARMY BUTTONS, BUTLER'S RANGERS. Fort George, 1907.

70 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, BUTLER'S RANGERS, Bone back. Fort George, 1907.

71 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, R.P. SUPPOSED TO BE LOYAL "PROVINCIALS." From British Camp, 201st Street, 94th Ave., New York City. New York City.

72 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, BUTTON OF HESSIAN OFFICER. 210 St. and Kings-Bridge Road. June, 1904.

73 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, NAVAL OR ROYAL MARINES. Officer's. Found at Old Fort Johnson after the storm of August 3, 1929,

74 BRITISH SLEEVE LINK. 190th Street, New York City, June, 1904.

75 BRITISH SLEEVE LINKS. Many sleeve links are found in the debris of all the British camps. They appear to have been a prominent article of personal adornment of the officers of the period. British Camp, Richmond, S. I., April 21, 1919.

76 BRITISH SLEEVE LINKS. Worn by officers. Richmond, Staten Island, April, 1919.

77 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 3rd GUARDS. Raised in 1660; then known as "Scots Guards." Obtained by Col. Haggard of a well-known London costumer, where they had laid many years after the old coat they had belonged to had fallen to pieces. 3rd Guards saw service in America during the Revolution. Officer's. Bone back. Presented by Col. Charles Haggard, Middlesex, England.

78 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, Ist OR "THE ROYAL REGT." Organized in 1684. Not in Revolution. In War of 1812, the Grenadier Companies were awarded special mention at Chippawa. Presented by Col. Charles Haggard, 83rd Regiment. Officer's. Sherlock & Co., London.

79 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, Ist ROYAL SCOTS. Served on Niagara Frontier at about all the posts. Lost at Chippawa, out of seven companies engaged, I I officers and 207 men. At Lundy's Lane, out of 500 men, 172. In assault of Fort Erie. Chippawa, Ont., September, 1907. Legend: Nemome, Impune, Lecessit.

80 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 1st D.M. "DURHAM MILITIA." A Canadian Regiment of Militia. Were probably classed among the "Incorporated" or "Embodied" Militia in the British war returns of 1812-15. Fort George, 1907.

81 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 2nd FOOT. (Probably) or "2 R. B.", of which Mr. Calver has one. Nutting and Son, London. Fort George, Canada, 1907.

82 BRITISH ARMY BUTTONS, 2nd LIFE GUARDS. C. Jennen, London. Fort George, 1907.

83 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 3rd ROYAL VETERAN BATTALION. Saw service on Niagara Frontier. Disbanded in 1814. In 1803, Battalion of Reserves was raised, 1806, names changed to "Royal Vet. Batt." 12 Battalions were raised. Officer's. Presented by Col. Charles Haggard, England. "Best Quality" (Feathers-Prince of Wales),

84 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, VII ROYAL FUSILIERS. Came to New York in 1776. Lost their colors at Cowpens. Surrendered at Yorktown. In War of 1812-1815. 1. L. & Co. Fort George, 1907.

85 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, "KINGS OWN" OR 4th. At Bunker Hill, Lexington, Brooklyn and Germantown. In the West Indies in 1787. Winter of 1777, in camp at Philadelphia. I. Nutting and Son, London. Also in War of 1812-15. Fort George, 1907.

86 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 4th ROYAL VETERAN BATT. Raised in Canada in 1803, among the discharged veterans. Saw service in 1812-15 War. Disbanded about 1820. From Col. Charles Haggard, February, 1914. Officer's. Nutting & Son, King St., Covent Garden, London.

87 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 5th REGT. OF FOOT.

88 Embarked for Canada from Bordeaux (Ist Batt.) in 1814, after serving in Peninsular War. In Battle of Plattsburg, but, during the 1812-15 War, never got west of Kingston. Probably served along the Niagara Frontier after peace was declared. Chippawa River, Ont., 1915.

89 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 6th REGT. OF FOOT.

90 Served with Wellington in the Peninsular War, and sailed from Bordeaux for Canada in 1814. Stationed at various posts on Frontier, York, Chippawa, Forts Erie and George. 1st, Chippawa, Ont., September, 1905; 2nd, Chippawa River, 1915. "Firnim & Son-Strand." "Lane, Cork."

91 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 6th REGT. OF FOOT. Served with Wellington in Peninsular War and sailed from Bordeaux for Canada in 1814. Stationed on Niagara Frontier, Fort George and Chippawa. Fort George, 1907. Lane-Cork.

92 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 6th REGT. OF FOOT. Served with Wellington in the Peninsular War, sailed from Bordeaux for Canada in 1814. Stationed at various posts on Frontier, ChippaNva, Fort George, etc., also York and Fort Erie. Chippawa River, 1915. Officer's. "S. Firman, Strand."

93 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, "KINGS" OR 8th REGT. Stationed in Canada or Frontier during Revolution, also during War of 1812. Detachments in nearly every battle. Fort George, 1907. I. Nutting & Son, London.

94 BRITISH ARMY BUTTONS, "KINGS" OR Sth REGT. The 8th was in Canada when 1812 War broke out and fought in nearly every battle. The survivors of the ist Battalion, 84, were sent to England in October, 1814. The 2nd Battalion reached Canada in September. The button shown is supposed to belong to the 2nd Battalion. Chippawa River, Ont., Season, 1915. T. Shaw, Timming's Row, London.

95 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 10 RN.B. l0th ROYAL VETERAN BATT. In 1803, Battalion of Reserves was raised and the name changed to Royal Garrison Battalion. In 1806, the name was changed to Royal Veteran Battalion. There were altogether 12 of them. Disbanded about 1820. (Milne). Fort George, 1907. "The l0th R.V.B. was in Canada when the War of 1812 began. Was in Miami fight." (History of 41st Regiment).

96 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, ist SOMERSET OR 13th REGT. OF FOOT. The Regiment was not in America at any time during the Revolution. Was known before 1800 as "Ist Somerset." In Spring, 1813, sailed from Martimque, landing at Quebec in June. In Battle of Plattsburg. Fort George, 1907.

97 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 33rd FOOT. Took an active part in War of Independence; Battle of Brooklyn, capture of Fort Lafayette, New Jersey, Philadelphia, Siege of Charleston, and surrender at Yorktown. 19 of the 33rd surrendered at Saratoga, with Burgoyne. Officer's. From Col. Charles Haggard, February, 1914. Jennens & Co., London.

98 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 37th REGT. OF FOOT.

99 Sailed from Bordeaux to Upper Canada in 1814, and remained until 1825. Stationed on various occasions at Fort Erie and other Frontier posts. Officer's. 1, Chippawa River, 1915; 2, Fort Erie, 1907. Nutting and Son, Covent Garden, King St. Small button.

100 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 41st REGT. OF FOOT.

101 Private's legging button. Fort George, 1907; Chippawa River, 1915.

102 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 41st REGT. OF FOOT.

103 Private's. Overcoat-largest found at Chippawa. C. S. Campbell, November 7, 1917; Fort George, 1907. Nutting-Strand, London.

104 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 41st REGT. OF FOOT.

105

106

107 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 41st REGT. OF FOOT.

108 Landed in Canada in 1799. Served at every station in Upper Canada upto and through the War of 1812-15. Was in almost every skirmish and battle and lost 472 officers and men during the war. Returned to England in 1815. Officer's button. Fort George, 1907. No. 2 Firmin & Westall, Strand.

109 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 43rd REGT. OF FOOT. Falls View, Niagara Falls, Ont.

110 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 43rd REGT. OF FOOT. Fort George, 1907.

III BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 49th REGT. OF FOOT. Fort George, 1907. I. Nutting, Covent Garden, London.

112 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 49th REGT. OF FOOT. Gen. Brock's own Regiment and in Canada when the War of IS 12 broke out. Fought all through the war. The 49th was in Battle of Long Island in 1776 and, no doubt, served in campaign around New York and New Jersey. Officer's. Fort George, 1907. Firmin and Westall.

113 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 49th REGT. OF FOOT. Fought in Revolution at Bunker Hill, Long Island, etc. In War of 1812, at Queenston, Fort George, Black Rock, Stony Creek. Officer's. Presented by Col. Charles Haggard, England- (Prince of Wales Feathers).

114 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, "WILTSHIRE REGT.- OR 62nd REGT. OF FOOT. Fort George, 1907.

115 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 62nd REGT. OF FOOT OR "WILTSHIRE." Entire Regiment in Canada in Spring of 1777, was brigaded with 9th, 20th and 21st under Hamilton with Burgoyne's army. In Battles of Bemis Heights and Stillwater. Surrendered with the army. This Regiment was known as Wiltshire before 1800. Probably were stationed at Fort George, Canada, before the War of 1812, where these buttons were found in 1907. Fort George, Canada.

116 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 68th REGT. OF FOOT. Never fought in America. Served in Canada, Fort George, 1907.

117 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 70th OR "SURREY REGT." Arrived in Canada in November, 1813. Stationed at Quebec, Drummond's Island, Fort George, Fort Erie, Amherstburgh, York, etc. Returned to England in 1827. Fort George, 1907.

118 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 70th OR SURREY REGT. Fort George, 1907.

119 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 70th OR SURREY REGT. Officer's. Fort George, 1907.

120 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 78th OR "HIGHLANDERS." Never fought in America. Officer's. Early 19th century. Presented by Col. Charles Haggard, 86 Regt. I. McGowan, London.

121 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 88th OR "CONNAUGHT RANGERS." Saw garrison duty at various posts in Canada after War of 1812-15. Distinguished in Crimean War. Fort George, Canada, 1907.

122 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 89th REGT. OF FOOT. This Regiment lost more than any other at the Battle of Lundy's Lane. Fort Erie (Calver). Nutting & Son, Covent Garden, London.

123 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 89th PRINCESS VICTORIA REGT. This is one of 35 buttons of the 89th, found, September 12, 1899, in trench with British soldiers' remains at Drummond Hill, Lundy's Lane. Regiment lost here, 245 out of 400. Regiment raised in Ireland, 1793. Service in Holland, 1794; Malta, 1800; Egypt, 1801. Arrived Halifax, 1812. At Quebec, Kingston, Fort George, Lundy's Lane, etc. By C. F. Campbell, of Niagara Falls, Canada.

124 BRITISH BUTTONS, 93rd "SUTHERLAND HIGHLANDERS." This Regiment does not appear to have been in America during the 1812-15 War. However, in August, 1813, it was the intention of the Earl of Bathurst to send the 2nd Battalion to Quebec to garrison that post, but other Regiments were substituted. Although, found on a site fortified during the war and with other buttons of that period, the button is of the period from 1855 to 1881. Falls View, Canada, by F. C. Campbell, November 11, 1915. "Firmins, Strand, London."

125 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 98th FOOT, "PRINCE OF WALES." Was in Halifax in 1813 and 1814. Ordered to Quebec in August, 1813, but, on account of lack of transports, unable to proceed to the Frontier, Was still in Halifax when the war closed. A few officers were present along the Niagara. Chippawa River, 1915.

126 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, looth REGT. OF FOOT. Officer's. Fort George, 1907.

127 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 100th REGT. OF FOOT. In garrison, winter 1813-14, at Fort George. Also stationed at York, Fort Erie. In Battle of Chippawa, losing 14 out of 19 officers and 190 men out of 336 engaged. Fort George, 1907.

128 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 103rd FOOT, FORMERLY NEW SOUTH WALES FENCIBLES. Absorbed in British Army in 1810. Recruited to full strength with convicts upon condition they enlist. Sent to Canada in 1812, Saw considerable service during the war. In Battles of Lundy's Lane and assault of Fort Erie. Was a mutinous and disreputable bunch. Command Col. Hercules Scott. Fort Erie, Canada, 1907. I. Nutting & Son, Kings St., Covent Garden.

129 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 104 REGT. Found in Chippawa by C. F. Campbell. New Brunswick, August 2nd,

1916. Gift of Mr. Campbell.

130 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, ROYAL ARTILLERY.

131 1, Chippawa River, 1915; 2 and 3, Fort George, Canada, 1907.

131a Large Button, Willharris-Firmin.

131b BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, ROYAL ARTILLERY. Fort George, 1905.

132 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, MALTA REGT., DEWATTEVILLE. A Swiss Corps in the British service. Fought in 1812 War on Canadian Frontier. Disbanded in 1818. Fort George, 1907.

133 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, ROYAL CANADIAN VOLUNTEERS.

133a Fort George, 1907.

134 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, CANADIAN MILITIA. A rare button of the Militia which took an active part in the War of 1812-15. Very few of the companies were uniformed, hence the scarcity of the buttons. Chippawa River, Ont., season, 1915, Nutting, London.

135 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, ROYAL NAVY.

135a Two buttons of a little different design. Lower button, 2 piece. Both Chippawa River, Ont., 1915.

136 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, R.C.V. Supposed to be the Royal Canadian Volunteers. Fort George, 1907.

137 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, ROYAL CANADIAN VOLUNTEERS.

137a 1, Fort Erie, 1905; 2, Cbippawa River, 1915.

138 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, CANADIAN REGT, Fort George, Canada, 1907. Nutting & Son, Covent Garden, London,

139 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, GLAMORGAN LOCAL MILITIA. Col. Charles Haggard, February, 1914. Nutting & Son, King St., Covent Garden, London.

140 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, "COMMISSARIAT STAFF." Fort George, 1907. Charles Jermens, London.

141 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, EARL ASHBROOK'S REGT. Fort George, 1907. Firmin & Westall.

142 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON H. Fort George, 1907.

143 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, ROYAL REGT. OF ARTILLERY. Fort George, 1907. 1. McGowan, London.

144 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, ROYAL REGT. OF ARTILLERY. Fort George, 1907. 1. McGowan, Gerrard St., London.

145 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, ROYAL ARTILLERY, Fort George, 1907.

146 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, ROYAL NEWFOUNDLAND REGT. Fort George, 1907. Nutting, London.

147 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, ROYAL MARINE ARTILLERY. Fort George, 1907.

148 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, NEW BRUNSWICK REGT. Does not appear to have been in 1812 War. However, button of this period. May have been quartered where found shortly afterward. Chippawa River, Ont., Summer, 1915. "I. Nutting & Son, Covent Garden."

149 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, ROYAL NEWFOUNDLAND REGT. Was in upper Canada when War of 1812 broke out. Stationed at Forts Erie and George. Fort George, 1907. I. Nutting & Son, King St., Covent Garden, London.

150 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, ROYAL REGT. OF ARTILLERY. Fort George, 1907. 1. McGowan, London.

151 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, ROYAL ARTILLERY. The design is that accredited to the old Board of Ordnance as a coat of arms, probably as far back as the time of William 111. Fort George, 1907

152 BRITISH SLEEVE LINK. Fort George, Canada, September 8, 1905.

153 LEADEN SEAL OF "CLOTH MARK" VARIETY. Probably French. Found on site of very old tavern built 168-(?) near Mohawk River, Niskayuna, Schenectady Co., N.Y., by Vincent J. Schafer, Schenectady.

154 BRITISH SLEEVE LINK. Fort George, Canada, September 8, 1905.

155 CLASP, MARKED "T WILKISON. H.". Fort George, 1907.

156 MUSICIAN'S CAP PLATE. Fort George, Niagara, 1907.

157 PROBABLY CAP ORNAMENT. (HOSPITAL CORPS). Fort George, 1905.

158 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 89th CROSS BELT PLATE. Only two have been found. Chippawa River, Ont., 1915.

159 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 1st OR KING'S DRAGOON GUARDS. Officer's, 1855-1881. Presented by Col. Charles Haggard, 83rd Regiment. Jermens & Co., London.

160 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 3rd PRINCE OF WALES DRAGOON GUARDS. Officer's period, 1855-1881. Presented by Col. Charles Haggard, 83rd Regiment. Hawkes & Co., Piccadilly, London.

161 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, SCOT'S GUARDS PERIOD, 1855. Same Regiment as 3rd Guards, now known as "Scots." Rank and file button. Presented by Col. Charles Haggard, England. W. Dowler & Son, Birmingham. Legend, Nemome Impune Lacessil.

162 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 3rd FOOT OR "BUFFS." Served in South Carolina during the Revolution, Battle of Eutaw. Left Bordeaux, June 5, 1814. Landed at Montreal. In Battle of Plattsburg, etc., in 1812 War. Officer's, of period before 1855. Presented by Col. Charles Haggard, England. Firman & Sons, 153 Strand, London.

163 ARMY BUTTON, 42nd HIGHLANDERS OR "BLACK WATCH."

164 Formed in 1730 by the Highland Clansmen. Mustered in as "42" in 1742. In French and Indian War, at Ticonderoga, 647 officers and men. In American Revolution, Battles of Long Island, assault of Fort Washington, Brandywine and all engagements of Howe's Army. Officer's. Period 1855. Presented by Col. Haggard, 83rd Regiment, England. Pitt & Co., 50 St. Martins Lane. (Large). Westfall & Ironi. (Small).

165 ARMY BUTTON, 45th. PERIOD BEFORE 1855. In Boston in 1775. Battle of Long Island. End of Revolution, returned to England with about 100 men. Designated "Nottingham" in 1779. Now called "Sherwood Foresters" or Derbyshire Regiment. Officer's. Presented by Col. Charles Haggard, England. Jenners & Co,, London.

166 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 49th REGT. OF FOOT. Fought in Revolution at Bunker Hill, Long Island, Queenstown, Fort George, Black Rock, Stony Creek, etc. Presented by Col. Charles Haggard, England. Jenners & Co., London.

167 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 60th REGT. OF FOOT. PERIOD 1855-1881. Raised in America in 1755 and known as "Royal Americans." In French and Indian War, also in Revolutionary War and War of 1812. Officer's. Presented by Col. Charles Haggard, England. Jenners & Co., London.

168 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 72nd "SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS." PERIOD 1855-1881. Never fought in America. Officer's. Presented by Col. Charles Haggard, 86th Regiment. Jenners & Co.

169 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 74th "THE ARGYLE HIGHLANDERS." PERIOD 1855-1881. Raised by Col. John Campbell in 1778. Embarked from Greenock in August, landing at Halifax. Grenadier and L't Companies came to New York, Spring, 1779, and later joined the army before seige of Charleston. The Battalion Companies were at Penobscot until end of war. Buttons of "74" found in New York. Officer's. Presented by Col. Charles Haggard, 86th Regiment. Jermens & Co., London.

170 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 78th HIGHLANDERS. PERIOD 1855-1881. Never fought in America. Officer's. Presented by Col. Charles Haggard, 86th Regiment. Jermens & Co., London.

171 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 79th QUEENS OWN OR "CAMERON HIGHLANDERS." PERIOD 1855-1881. Never fought in America. Officer's. Presented by Col. Charles Haggard, 86th Regiment. C. Pitt & Co., 50 St. Martin's Lane, London.

172 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 86th OR "ROYAL COUNTY DOWN" REGT. Also known as Royal Irish Rifles. Never fought in America. Col. Hag gard began soldiering in the 86th at Cape Grobel Hope in 1872, and finished 30 years later Colonel of 83rd. From Col. Haggard's first tunic, and presented by him to me in 1913. Period 1855-1881. Officer's. Jennens & Co., London.

173 BRITISH ARMY BUTTONS, ROYAL ORDNANCE. PERIOD 1855-1881. No service in America. Officer's. From Col. Charles Haggard, Colonel 86th Regiment. Player Bros., Birmingham.

174 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 60th OR ROYAL AMERICANS. French and Indian War, also War of Revolution. Raised in America in 1775. Engaged in French and Indian War, Louisburg, Ticonderoga and capture of Niagara in 1757 and 1758. In 1759, at Quebec and Montreal. In January, 1776, in siege of Savannah and Guilford Court House, In Niagara, from 1778-1790. Fort Ticonderoga, September 4, 1908.

175 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, 60th OR ROYAL AMERICANS. French and Indian War, also War of Revolution. Raised in America in 1755. Engaged in French and Indian War, Louisburg, Ticonderoga and capture of Niagara in 1757 and 1758. In 1759, at Quebec and Montreal. In January, 1776, in siege of Savannah and Guilford Court House. Niagara, from 1778 to 1790. Fort Ticonderoga, 1908. (Wiley).

176 PROBABLY FRENCH BUTTON OF FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. 1755-59. Ticonderoga, 1908.

177 FRENCH ARMY BUTTON, FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. Silver button, probably officer's. Fort Ticonderoga, September 3, 1908.

178 FRENCH ARMY BUTTON, FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. Private's pewter button. Fort Ticonderoga, September 3, 1908.

179 FRENCH ARMY BUTTON, FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. Brass button. Fort Edward, September Ist, 1908.

180 FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR, "P-N" REGT. UNKNOWN. Undoubtedly French, from shape of button (hollow cast). Found Mohawk River flats near Auriesville, 1930.

181 FRENCH ARMY BUTTON, FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. Brass, ornamental. Probably officer's. Fort Edward, September ist, 1908.

182 FRENCH ARMY BUTTON, FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. Fort Ticonderoga, 1930.

183 FRENCH ARMY BUTTON, FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. Brass button, ornamental. Probably officer's. Fort Ticonderoga, September 2, 1908.

184 FRENCH ARMY BUTTON, FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. This button was found in upper Mohawk Valley by a Mr. Keller, of Schenectady, about 1900. Given to Ernest Hallenbeck and by him to me. About 1900. From the John Kelleher collection. Kelleher went to Nashville, Tenn., and was with Menter and Rosenbloom Co. He had about 50 buttons which he sold to a man, a doctor wtho ran a summer hotel on Lake George. Was probably Mr. Payne.

185 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF REVOLUTION. Leaden seal of "Cloth Mark" variety. Found on site of very old house of French and Indian War period. Built 168-(?). Near Mohawk Rive-, Niskayuna, Schenectady County. (French Crown Fleur de lis). Design similar to No. 4, pg. 135. Seal Numismatic Society Coll., New York Historical Bulletin, January, 1931.

186 FOUND ON AN INDIAN SITE ON ROUND LAKE, N.Y.

187

188 By Hallenbeck, Glenville, N.Y., 1900

189 Presented to R. M. Hartley, January 12, 1901

190 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF REVOLUTION 3rd MASS. One of the two buttons found many years ago near the "Washington Headquarters," Newburgh, N.Y., and on exhibition in that museum. Obtained by exchange through custodian. Obtained, March 4, 1916. From Agnes E. Ferrington, curator Washington Headquarters Museum, Newburgh, N.Y.

191 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF REVOLUTION, VI MASS. INFANTRY.There were 10 Regiments of Massachusetts Infantry in the Revolutionary War. Buttons of them are very rare. West Point, 1919.

192 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF REVOLUTION, IX MASS. Constitution Island, Calver.

193 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF REVOLUTION, 10th MASS. From Dr. 1. B. Rubin, Charleton, Saratoga County, N.Y., October, 1932.

194 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF REVOLUTION, 1st CONN. Formerly known as Lyman's. In French and Indian War. Commanded by Maj. Phienas Lyman. From Dr. Rubin, 1932.

195 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF REVOLUTION, 2nd CONN. INF. There were 10 Regiments of Connecticut Infantry in the Revolutionary Army. Buttons are very rare. West Point, 1919.

196 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REVOLUTION, 9th CONN. INF. There were 10 Regiments of Connecticut men in the War of Independence, but previous to the summer of 1918, no buttons were found to prove that the Connecticut men's uniforms contained numbered buttons. A rare button found by Oscar T. Barck. Constitution Island, 1918. Found, Brooklyn, April, 1919.

197 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF REVOLUTION.

198 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REVOLUTION. A new type of Washington button. Found on "Old John Ryan Place," Mill Point, N.Y., by Ted Swart, 1936, Presented by Mr. Schuyler Voorhees, September, 1936.

199 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REVOLUTION. From the Continental Army Camp site at New Windsor. Found about 150 feet northeast of Temple Mill Monument, on ground occupied by the New York and New England Regiments during the winter of 17821783. Pewter shank. September 4, 1916.

200 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REVOLUTION. Found in a refuse pit in the Continental Army Camp at New Windsor (Newburgh), on ground occupied by the New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Maiyland Regiments during the winter of 1782-1783. September 3, 1916.

201 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REVOLUTION, U.S.A. CONTINENTAL. The button worn by the Continental soldier during the War of Independence, also by some of the State troops before State buttons Acre adopted. Worn as early as 1777. Constitution Island, 1918. From Oscar T. Barck, Brooklyn, April, 1919.

202 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REVOLUTION, U.S.A. CONTINENTAL. Buttons of this pattern were worn by the Continental soldiers in the Revolution, also by some of the State troops. They were worn as early as 1777. 17th Camp, School and Academy St., New York, March 3, 1919.

203 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812. Fort George, Canada, 1905.

204 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, TRANSPORT OFFICE SEAL. Fort George, Ont., 1907.

205 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, U.S.I. REGT. Fort George, 1907.

206 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, LIGHT DRAGOONS. Fort George, 1907.

207 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, 5th REGT. OF INFANTRY. Fort George, 1907.

208 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, 8th INFANTRY. Fort George, 1907.

209 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, 11th INFANTRY. Fort George, 190.,

210 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, 12th INFANTRY. Fort George, 1907.

211 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, 12th INFANTRY. Fort George, 1907.

212 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, UNITED STATES INFANTRY. Fort George, 1907.

213 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, 15th INFANTRY. Fort George, 1907.

214 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, INFANTRY. Fort Erie, September 9, 1905. Richards and Giles.

215 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, UNITED STATES INFANTRY. Fort George, 1907.

216 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, INFANTRY. Fort Erie, September 9, 1905.

217 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, UNITED STATES INFANTRY. Fort Erie, Canada. (Calver) .

218 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, U. S. INFANTRY. Of the period of 1810 to 1820. From Mr. Calver, 1919. Fort Milfan, Del.

219 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF IS 12, U. S. INFANTRY. (Calver)-

220 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812. Fort George, 1907.

221 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812. Fort George, 1907.

222 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, INFANTRY. Fort George, Canada, September 6, 1905.

223 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, INFANTRY. Fort George, 1907.

224 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, ARTILLERY. Found at Fort Erie, on the Niagara River. Fort Erie, Canada, 1901.

225 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, REGT. OF

226 ARTILLERY. Fort George, 1907.

227 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, 1st REGT. OF ARTILLERY. Fort George, 1907.

228 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, 1st ARTILLERY. Fort George, 1907.

229 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, 1st LIGHT ARTILLERY. Fort George, 1907.

230 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, 2nd ARTILLERY. Fort George, 1907.

231 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, 2nd REGT. OF ARTILLERY. Fort George, 1907.

232 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, 3rd ARTILLERY. Found at Fort Mifflin on the Delaware River. Hart.

233 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, ARTILLERY REGT. This button has been in my possession since 1871 Before that, it was among a collection of coins belonging to Henry V. Young, who died in 1871. R.M.H.

234 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON. This button appears to be a United States as, within the crescent, are thirteen stars. Chippawa River, Canada, 1915.

235 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON. Fort Ticonderoga, September 3, 1908.

236 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON. Button found on the site of the Continental Army camp site.

237 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, ARTILLERY BUTTON. Found in an old trunk in 1905, in Herick, Nassau County, Long Island, belonging to the Horsfield family. Some papers in the trunk were dated 1808-12-14. 1794-1802. Presented by Mrs. Horsfield, 1905. Reverse: Imperial orange gilt. (Enlist Nos. 15-16-17).

238 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812. Officer's. Probably 1800-1810. Solid. Convex gilt. An eagle behind a large shield, head to left, holding olive branch in beak; right foot on ground clasping thunderbolts, left on top of large shield grasping three arrows. Slanting flag on right of shield; in button of shield the letters "r.t." Reverse: Within two double parallel circles 16 stars and the letters "U.S." Presented by A. G. Richmond, 1900.

239 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812.

240 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, U. S. ARMY, 1818. C. S. VanDerveer, October, 1930. Marcellus button string, 1875-80. "Superior Rich."

241 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, PERIOD 1814, U. S. NAVY, 16 STARS. Found on the site of an old tavern near Niskayuna, N.Y. By Vincent Schaefer.

242 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, NY. STATE BUTTON. This button from the uniform of my grandfather, Robert M. Hartley, who was commissioned a Captain of the 97th New York State Regiment of Infantry by Gov. DeWitt Clinton, October Ist, 1827. Served as Captain in this Regiment many years. Was a New York City Regiment. R. M. H.

243 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, UNITED STATES INFANTRY. 1815-1820. Officer's, silver, convex. In border of 17 stars, an eagle head to left resting on oval; in left claw, an olive branch, in right, arrows. Letters "US" in plain script in oval. Reverse, small eagle within dashed circle.

244 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON. OFFICER'S, GENERAL SERVICE, 1821.

245 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON. Button from the uniform of a Captain Colin F. Brown of Charlton, Saratoga County, N.Y., New York State Militia. Was Captain about 20 years previous to the War of the Rebellion. W. H. Horstman & Co., New York.

246 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REBELLION. Button made in 1862 or 1863. "Union."

247 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REBELLION, OFFICER'S, INFANTRY. Found on the Battlefield of Spotsylvania Court House, Va., by R. M. H., November, 1890. "D. Evans and Co., Attleboro, Mass."

248 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REBELLION, PRIVATE'S, INFANTRY. Found on the Battlefield of the Wilderness, Va., by R. M. H. Marked "Extra Quality." March, 1899.

249 UNITED STATES NAVY BUTTON OF THE REBELLION, OFFICER'S, NAVY. Found on the Battlefield of the Spotsylvania Court House, Va., by R. Nf. H., November, 1890. Firmin & Son, 153 Strand, London.

250 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, INFANTRY. Black rubber, or gutta-percha, buttons were worn by some of the Union soldiers during the War of the Rebellion. "N. R. Co., Goodyears' Pt."

251 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REBELLION, INFANTRY. Found on the Wilderness Battlefield, Va., by R. M. H., November, 1890.

252 UNITED STATES BUTTON, UNITED STATES REVENUE BUTTON. 1865-1875. Yong, Smith & Co., New York.

253 CONFEDERATE ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REBELLION, CONFEDERATE INFANTRY. Spotsylvania Court House Battlefield, Va., November, 1880. R. M. H.

254 CONFEDERATE ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REBELLION, CONFEDERATE INFANTRY. Made in England for the Confederate States during the Civil War. The blockade runner, to which was consigned the entire shipment, was captured in Cuban waters by a U. S. Man of War. This type of button was never wom by the Confederate Army. From Miss M. Boice, of F. Bannerman & Sons, New York, 1919.

255 CONFEDERATE ARMY BUTTON OF THE WAR OF THE REBELLION, VIRGINIA STATE REGT. Found on the Battlefield of Spotsylvania Court House, Va., by R. M, H., November, 1890. "Waterbury Button Co., Waterbury, Conn."

256 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REVOLUTION, WASHINGTON INAUGURAL. Worn by the supporters of Washington at time of Second Inaugural in 1789. Walrath (Schuyler) Garden, Minaville, 1928.

257 UNITED STATES CONSTITUTIONAL CONSTRUCTION PERIOD. A button almost identical in design to the "Memorable Era" button but lacking the inscription. It is said that the different types of these buttons, as well as those known as Washington Buttons, were worn on the great coats of many of the prominent Federalists and patriotic citizens of the day. Washington was a strong Federalist. W. L. Lathrop, Sunderland, Vt., April, 1916.

258 UNITED STATES CONSTITUTIONAL CONSTRUCTION PERIOD. "Memorable Era. March the Fourth, 1789." A very rare button made to commemorate the sitting of the first Congress of the U. S., which was adopted by the Continental Congress, June 20th, 1782, from a device suggested to John Adams by Sir John Prestwyck of England. Erroneously known as "Washington's Buttons." W. H. Lathrop, Sunderland, Vt., 1916.

259 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REVOLUTION. DEVENDORF, 1934,

260 Old Warrensburg Village Site, 1933.

261 Devendorf, 1934.

262 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, MOTOR TRANSPORT, 1917-19. (Sterling silver rim).

263 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, U. S. ARMY TRANSPORT, 1918-19. From 0. T. Barck, 1919.

264 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, U. S. ENGINEERS. From Oscar T. Barck, 1919.

265 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON.

266 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, U. S. NAVY.

267 From 0. T. Barck, 1919.

268 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, GENERAL OFFICER'S DRESS.

269 1917-19. From 0. T. Barck, 1919.

270 NEW YORK STATE.

271 From Z. R. Jacoby, Amsterdam.

272 NEW YORK STATE.

273 From Dr. J. V. Johnson, Schenectady.

274 NEW YORK STATE.

275 Presented by Z. R. Jacoby, Amsterdam.

276 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, N. Y. STATE NATIONAL GUARD. From 0. T. Barck, 1919.

277 MASSACHUSETTS STATE.

278 MAINE STATE.

279 BUTTON OF THE ANCIENT AND HONORABLE ARTILLERY OF BOSTON. (Calver).

280 CONNECTICUT STATE.

281 NEW HAMPSHIRE VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 282 VERMONT STATE.

283 NORTH CAROLINA STATE.

284 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, 1917. REGULATION, OVERCOAT. From 0. T. Barck, 1919.

285 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, CANADIAN ROYAL FLYING CORPS. From 0, T. Barck, 1919.

286 WORLD'S WAR, 1914-1918. Button from pocket-flap of 77 mm. German cannon, captured in France by 26th Division, U. S. Infantry, September 18, 1918. The wheels, the carriage, and shield of this gun showed more than 50 hits from rifle, machine gun bullets and shrapnel. Taken from one of the captured German guns on exhibition on Victory Way, Park Avenue, New York City, April, 1919.

287 BRITISH ARMY BUTTONS, 176th NIAGARA RANGERS, OVERSEAS BATTALION. Cap or hat badge of George Youngs, Niagara Falls, Ontario. Worn in France and Battles of Ypres, Vilmy Ridge and Yates. 1915-1916. Gift of C. S. Campbell, September, 1917, Niagara Falk.

288 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON.

289 'OFFICIAL BUTTON OF McKINLEY AND ROOSEVELT

290 PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN. From Z. L. Jacoby.

291 FRENCH ARMY BUTTON, PERIOD OF 1780-90, GENERAL OFFICER'S. A fine uncirculated specimen of these beautiful buttons. From W. L. Calver, April, 1919. Woodback, Cat Gut Eye.

292 FRENCH ARMY BUTTON, FIRST FRENCH REPUBLIC, 1792-1793. Officer's gilt, flat, woodback, and gut strung. A French Liberty cap on a plain ground encircled with the words "Republican Francais" within a double lined and dotted circle border. One of several buttons discovered in the old French Quarter of New Orleans about the year 1908. Presented by W. L. Carver.

293 SWITZERLAND. Presented by Mrs. H. A. W. Wood, of New York City.

294 SWITZERLAND. Presented by Mrs. H. W. Wood, of New York City.

295 SWITZERLAND. Presented by Mrs. H. W. Wood, of New York City.

296 NEW YORK STATE BUTTON. DUFEL'S FLATS, TOWN OF MOHAWK, 1910.

297 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REBELLION, PRIVATE, INFANTRY. Found in the Battlefield of Spotsylvania Court House. By R. M. H., November, 1890. "Waterbury Button Co."

298 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, MILITIA. GENERAL TRAINING PERIOD. From 1825 to Civil War.

299 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, ORNAMENTAL COAT. EARLY PERIOD, 1820-1845. From Amanda Marcellus, string of old buttons collected 1875-80 ("Double gilt".).

300 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, UNITED STATES RIFLEMEN. Fort Erie, 1907.

301 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, "R. R. RIFLE REGT." Fort George, 1907.

302 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812. Button from my sister Mary's string of buttons, collected about 1873-75. No stars-very early.

303 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON OF 1836-37. (24 stars).

304 UNITED STATES NAVY BUTTON, PERIOD 1832-1850. Small button of the U. S. Navy.

305 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812. EARLY

306 NEW YORK STATE. No. 1, rare type, period 1800-1812; No. 2, period 1820-30. From Amanda Marcellus' button string, 1875-1880. Obverse, plain. C. S. VanDeveer, October, 1930.

307 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812.

308 Fort Erie, Canada, 1907.

309 UNITED STATES, 15 STARS, ABOUT 1792. Fort Erie, 1905.

310 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REVOLUTION. So-called "Overcoat" or "Great Coat" button. Late 18th or early 19th Century. 1928. Walrath (Schuyler) Garden, Minaville.

311 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REVOLUTION. PROBABLY MARINE OR NAVY. From A. J. Devendorf, 1934.

312 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REVOLUTION. The button generally worn by the German so-called "Hessian Allies" of Great Britain during the American Revolution. They are found in all the camps where these troops were associated with the British. British Camp Richmond, Staten Island, April 21, 1919.

313 LACE FROM CAMP DEBRIS, FORT TICONDEROGA. Very early. May be French.

314 PEWTER BUTTON, PROBABLY AMERICAN OR FRENCH. (EARLY). Fort Ticonderoga, September 3, 1908.

315a ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, R.N.L.C. Said to have been found on an old Hessian uniform discovered about the year 1909, in the attic of a house near Trenton, N. J. The Royal Crown is purely British.

316 ORNAMENTAL BUTTON, FORT GEORGE, 1907.

317 No. 2 FOUND COLD SPRING, 1930, TOWN OF GLEN.

318 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF THE REVOLUTION. Has been a numbered button but so scoured by sand on the shore that Regimental number is effaced. Fort Crown Point, September 3, 1908.

319 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812. HOSPITAL STAFF, OFFICER'S. Fort George, 1907. Firmin and Co., London.

320 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812. Blanket seal, marked "Lockwood, Pittle & Co., London." At Butler's Rangers' Camp, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, September, 1907. Reverse J-D-Z6 104.

321 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812, TRINITAS-IN. Fort George, 1907.

322 NAVY BUTTON (?). FORT GEORGE, 1907.

323 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON, OFFICER'S ORNAMENTAL BUTTON.

324 Probably worn on officer's undress uniforms and waist coats. Many ornamental buttons, some of beautiful design, are found on nearly every fort, barracks and camp site, both of the Revolution and of the War of 1812-15.
I-Treble gift color No. 1, Chippawa, 1915.
2-Rich orange color No. 2, Chippawa, November 7, 1915.

325 ORNAMENTAL OR BASKET PATTERN BUTTON. Fort George, 1907.

326 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, WAR OF 1812. This button was found on the old Mohawk Indian Village site now occupied as the Montgomery County Home, Town of Palatine, by Alfred McLaughlin of Fonda, in 1900. From shape of shank, indicated button is French. Alfred McLaughlin.

327 BRITISH BUTTON. Probably a "Livery Button" of some English or Irish family of rank. Legend, Robori-Prudentic-Procstat. "Foley and Croker College, Green, Dublin."

328 TWO FRENCH BUTTONS OF JESUIT PERIOD.

329 BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA.

330 BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA.

331 GIRL SCOUTS. From Z. R. Jacoby, Amsterdam.

332 DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA FIRE DEPT.

333 PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD.

334 BUTTON OF PATRIARCHS MILITANT, I.O.O.F. On street in Amsterdam, 1908.

335 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE.

336 DELAWARE MILITARY INSTITUTE, NEW YORK CITY. Miss Boice, 1919.

337 NEW YORK STATE EXCELSIOR.

338 NEW YORK STATE EXCELSIOR.

339 MEXICAN WAR PERIOD.

340 MEXICAN WAR PERIOD.

341 UNITED STATES OFFICER'S.

342 NEW YORK EXCELSIOR.

343 UNION CIVIL WAR PERIOD.

344 UNITED STATES UNKNOWN DATE.

345 LIBERTY AND UNION, CIVIL WAR PERIOD.

346 VARIETIES OF UNITED STATES NAVY OFFICER'S OF VARIOUS PERIODS.

347

348

349

350

351 UNITED STATES ARMY BUTTON, MILITARY CENSUS. NEW YORK, 1917.

352 BADGE, NATIONAL RIFLE ASSOCIATION. Buttons from Melvin Lethridge, 1931.

353 BRITISH ARMY BUTTON. Nine French buttons, French and Indian War. From Fort Ticonderoga, August, 1937.

354 BUTTONS, ETC., FROM OLD GLENVILLE BAND. From Percy Van Epps.

355 TWELVE BUTTONS FROM AN INDIAN CAMP SITE AT ROUND LAKE, SARATOGA COUNTY. From A. Hallenbeck, January 12, 1901.

356 FRENCH BUTTON OF THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.

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