ORDERLY BOOKS of
The Fourth New York Regiment 1778-1780
The Second New York Regiment, 1780-1783
by Samuel Tallmadge and Others
with Diaries of Samuel Tallmadge, 1780-1782 and John Barr, 1779-1782
Prepared for publication by Almon W. Lauber PH.D. of The division of Archives and History
Albany, The University of the State of New York, 1932.
Journal of SAMUEL TALLMADGE
[This Journal came to the State Historian separated into two
1. December 9. 1780 to February 3. 1782. and one loose leaf covering February 20 to March 2. 1781 in Orderly Book A.
2. March 2. 1781 to July 18. 1782 in another Orderly Book.
Though labeled in a recent hand "Orderly Book." it is clearly a journal instead. and one of considerable value.
It covers about three months at Fort Schuyler in the winter of 1780-81. Then follows the journey down the Mohawk river to Albany; thence to Nine Partners. Salem. Norwalk. Wilton. Ripton. New Haven. Weathersfield. Fairfield and back to Albany by April 23. 1781. From Albany the writer returned to Fort Schuyler on May 19. 1781. He remained there and at "Fort Harkamar" till July 2. 1781 when he again went down to Albany July 5. 1781 where he remained until August 21. 1781. He then went down the Hudson river to Camp Baltimore arriving September 14. 1781. Then he sailed to Chesapeake Bay on the sloop Sally and landed in Virginia September 26. 1781. Then follows a description of the siege of Yorktown and the Surrender of Cornwallis October 19. 1781. He then returned northward to Camp Pequanneck December 15. 1781.
By January 23. 1782 he was once more in Albany where he remained about ten days. when he "sot out" for a visit to Connecticut. returning to Camp Pequanneck February 21. 1782. Not until June 28. 1782 did he take another journey up to Dutchess county. At Kinderhook. July 3. 1782. he probably visited his future wife. On July 13. 1782 he was again in Camp Pequanneck.
The internal evidence shows beyond doubt that the Journal was kept by Samuel Tallmadge. The handwriting is the same as in the Orderly Books. and the writer mentions visits to and from his brother Benjamin. and speaks of James Tallmadge. a relative.]
Fort Schuyler. Sunday Decr. 10th [1780)(1)
Nothing Remarkable. pleasant Weather.
1 Colonel Weisenfel's regiment seems to have been quartered at Fort Schuyle.r when this Journal begins on December 10, 1780. The regiment had reached Fort Schuyler on November 22, 1780. See Tallmadge Orderly Book for November 22, 1780, page 540 of this volume.
SAMUEL TALLMADGE JOURNAL
Fort Schuyler Monday Decr 11 th 
The Detachment under the Command of Capt Gray(2) Returned the Garrison.
Fort Schuyler Tuesday Decr 12th 1780
Fort Schuyler Wednesday Decr 13th, 1780
Fort Schuyler Thursday Decr 14th, 1780
Fort Schuyler Friday Decr 15th, 1780
the Express Returned from Albany.
Fort Schuyler Saturday Decr 16th, 1780
Fort Schuyler Sunday Decr 17th, 1780
An Express sot of for Albany.
Fort Schuyler Monday Decr 18th, 1780
ditto Tuesday Decr 19th, 1780
ditto Wednesday do 20th 1780
[ditto] Thursday do 21st 1780
[ditto] Friday do 22d 1780
Fort Schuyler Saturday Decr 23d 1780
Fort Schuyler Sunday Decr 24th 1780
Fort Schuyler Monday Decr 25th 1780
Fort Schuyler Tuesday Decr 26th 1780
A detachment Consisting of one Subaltern, one Serjeant, one Corpl and Twenty Men Sot out for Onida Castle to gether Corn.
2 Captain Silas Gray, 4th New York Regiment. Heitman, Historical Register, p. 258
Fort Schuyler Wednesday Decr 27th 1780
Fort Schuyler Thursday Decr 28th 1780
Fort Schuyler F ryday Decr 29th 1780 the Detachment returned to the Garrison from Onida.
Fort Schuyler Saturday Decr 30th 1780 Remarkable Modarate Weather.
Fort Schuyler Sunday Decr 31 st 1780 Modarate Weather.
Fort Schuyler Monday JanY 1st 1781
Some of the Gentlemen Dined with the Colo After Dinner was Drank the Following Toasts Congress, Genl Washington, the army of ye United States, The King of France, Independancy, May the Glorious Cause of America forever Flourish, and Concluded
Fort Schuyler Tuesday JanY 2nd 1781 Nothing Remarkable
Fort Schuyler Wednesday JanY 3d 1781
Fort Schuyler Thursday JanY 4th 1781
Mr Barrie and Myself set out for Harkeman [Fort Herkimer] met the Cloathing and Provision with Capt Smith(4) 4 Miles below Old Fort Schuyler, Returned back and Encamped at Sackquate
Sackquate Friday JanY 5th 1781
Proceeded on arrived at the Garrison about 12 OClock Colo Weissenfels was Releived by Colo Cockran(5) who took the Command of the Garrison.
Fort Schuyler Saturday JanY 6th 1781
Colo Weissenfels and the gentlemen who Were Deranged from Service Retired from the Garrison to their Sevaral places of Abode.
3 Ephram and Oliver Barrit were both privates in the 2d
New York Regiment. New York in the Revolution as Colony and State,
v. I, p. 30.
4 This may have been Captain Israel Smith of the 2d New York Regiment. Archives, p. 140, 217.
5 Lieutenant Colonel Robert Cochran, 2d New York Regiment. Heitman, Historical Register, p. 162.
Fort Schuyler Sunday JanY 7th 1781
the Companies was arranged upon the New Establishment.
Fort Schuyler Monday JanY 8th 1781
A Detachment went to Onida to Gether Corn under the Command of Lieut Frilick(6)
Fort Schuyler Tuesday JanY 9th 1781
Fell a Modarate Snow
Fort Schuyler Wednasday JanY 10th 1781
Modarate Weather Something Rainey.
Fort Schuyler Thursday JanY 11th 1781 the Detachment Returned from Onida.
Modarate and Rainey Weather.
Fort Schuyler Friday JanY 12th 1781
A Detachment Consisting of one Subaltern, one Sergt, one Corpl, and twenty privates Sot Out for Onida - Modarate Weather.
Fort Schuyler Saturday JanY 13th 1781
Fell a Small Snow.
Fort Schuyler Sunday JanY 14th 1781
Snowey Weather but Modarate.
Fort Schuyler Monday JanY 15th 1781
Fort Schuyler Tuesday JanY 16th 1781
Blustering and Cold Weather.
Fort Schuyler Wednesday JanY 17th 1781
Fort Schuyler Thursday JanY 18th 1781
Cloudy and Cold Weather.
Fort Schuyler Friday JanY 19th 1781
6 Lieutenant Joseph Froelich, 2d New York Regiment. Heitman, Historical Register, p. 238.
Fort Schuyler Saturday JanY 20th 1781
Fort Schuyler Sunday JanY 21 st 1781
Modarate Snowey Weather.
Fort Schuyler Monday JanY 22nd 1781
Fort Schuyler Tuesday JanY 23rd 1781
Fort Schuyler Wednesday JanY 24th 1781
Fort Schuyler Thursday JanY 25th 1781
Fort Schuyler Friday JanY 26th 1781
Fort Schuyler Saturday JanY 27th 1781
Cloudy, and Something Stormey.
Fort Schuyler Sunday JanY 28th 1781
Fort Schuyler Monday JanY 29th 1781
Fort Schuyler Tuesday JanY 30th 1781
Fort Schuyler Wednesday JanY 31 st 1781
F ort Schuyler Thursday FebY 1 st 1781
Cloudy and Dull Weather.
Fort Schuyler Friday FebY 2nd 1781
Modarate and Rainey.
SAMUEL TALLMADGE JOURNAL
Fort Schuyler Saturday FebY 3d 1781
Clear and Cold.
[Several pages of the Journal are missing at this point.]
Fort Schuyler Tuesday FebY 20th 1781
Clear and Cold.
Fort Schuyler Wednesday FebY 21 st 1781
Fort Schuyler thursday FebY 22nd 1781
Fort Schuyler Friday FebY 23d 1781
Fort Schuyler Saturday FebY 24th 1781
Blustering weather. Received Inteligance of the success at North CorIina, of the Party under the Command of Genl Morgan, killing and wounding and Taken, amounted to about [ ] Exclusive of Officers.
Fort Schuyler Sunday FebY 25th 1781
Fort Schuyler Monday FebY 26th 1781
An escort arrived with provisions Consisting of fifty Slays.
Fort Schuyler Tuesday FebY 27th 1781
The Slays was Imployed in Drawing wood for the Garrison.
Fort Schuyler Wednesday FebY 28th 1781
the Slays Continued at the Garrison.
Fort Schuyler thursday March 1 st 1781 the escort returned home.
Fort Schuyler Friday March 2nd 1781
About ten OClock in the Morning our Wood Cutters and Covering party Consisting of one Corpl and Sixteen men was Surprised, at which time one was killed and Scalped, whome we found in the woods the Others taken prisoners, by a desarter we are Informed the Enemys force Consists of one
hundred and ten Indians, and thirty rangers makeing one hundred and forty, Commanded by Brant - an express was Sent about 3 OClock at night to alarm the Country below.
Fort Schuyler Saturday March 3d 1781 Nothing Remarkable: no Enemy appearing
Fort Schuyler Sunday March 4th 1781 Pleasant weather.
Fort Schuyler Monday March 5th 1781
Fort Schuyler Tuesday March 6th 1781
Cloudy and Cold.
Fort Schuyler Wednesday March 7th 1781
Fort Schuyler thursday March 8th 1781
Fort Schuyler Friday March 9th 1781
Fort Schuyler Saturday March 10th 1781
Nothing Remarkable Snowey.
Fort Schuyler Sunday March 11th 1781
Fort Schuyler Monday March 12th 1781 Sometimes Sunshine and Sometime Snowey weather. Escort arrives
Fort Schuyler Tuesday March 13th 1781
the Slays were Imployed in Rideing wood for the Garrison.
Fort Schuyler Wednesday March 14th 1781
I sot out with the slays from the Fort proceeded on to Fort Harkemar
being very Stormy weather.(7)
7 This seems to have been a journey taken partly for official business and partly for personal reasons.
Fort Harkemer thursday March 15th 1781
Proceeded on to Conajohary and put up at Mr Wormwoods.
Canajohary Friday March 16th 1781
Proceeded on to Vn Delinders and took Quarters.
t Vn Delinders Saturday March 17th 1781
Proceeded on and arrived at Schanectady about 1 0 OClock.
Schene [c] tady Sunday March 18th 1781
Sot out and arrived at albany - took Quarters at M r Dennistons.
Albany Monday March 19th 1781
Albany Tuesday March 20th 1781 were Imployed in the setling the Liquidation accounts of the Regiment.
Albany Wednesday March 21 st 1781
Albany thursday March 22nd 1781
Albany Friday March 23d 1781
Albany Saturday March 24th 1781
Albany Sunday March 25th 1781
Albany Monday March 26th 1781
Sot out about 4 OClock Crossed the River and Lodged at Mr John Wilsons
Tuesday March 27th 1781
Proceeded on put up at Kings Bridge with Mr Johnsons
Wednesday March 28th 1781
Proceed on to the nine partners and put up at Mr Smiths.
Thursday March 29th 1781
went with Mr Smith to Mr James Tallmadges.(8) nine Partners
Nine Partners Friday March 30th 1781
Remained at Mr. Tallmadges.
Nine Partners Saturday March 30th 1781
Sot out and Came to M r Platts and tarried that night.
Sunday Apl 1 st 1781
Proceeded on to Mr Tituses at Salem.
Salem Monday Apl 2nd 1781
Remained there that day.
Salem Tuesday Apl 3rd 1781
Proceed on to Wilton and from thence to norwalk.
Norwalk Wednesday Apl 4th 1781
Remaind in town.
Norwalk thursday Apl 5th 1781
Went to Wilton and Remained that night.
Wilton Friday Apl 6th 1781
Went to Fairfield with Brother John(9) and from thence to Ripton.
Ripton Saturday Apl 7th 1781
Ripton Sunday Apl 8th 1781
Ripton Monday Apl 9th 1781
Remained at aunt Sheltons
Ripton Tuesday Apl 10th 1781
Sot out for Fairfield. and from thence to New Haven.
Newhaven Wednesday Apl 11 th 1781
Went to wethersfield
8 James Tallmadge was probably a relative living at Nine
9 "Brother John" was John Tallmadge who died Feb. 24, 1823.
Wethersfield thursday Apl 12th 1781
Waiting for my brother Benjamin(10) to return from Northampton.
W ethersfield Friday Apl 13th 1781
My Brother and myself Remained at Weathersfield.
Wethersfield Saturday Apl 14th 1781
Sot out arrived at N ewhaven about 2 oClock dined and proceeded of to Ripton.
Ripton Sunday Apl 15th 1781
Went to Stratford to meeting and from thence to Fairfield, and to Wilton.
Wilton Monday Apl 16th 1781
Returned to Salem took breakfast proceeded on to F radricksburgh and
Dined, from thence to Capt Platts and put up.
Platts Tuesday Apl 17th 1781
Proceeded on to the Nine Partners put up with Capt Tallmadgell
Nine Partners Wednesday Apl 18th 1781
went to the pine plains and returned the same day.
Nine Partners thursday Apl 19th 1781
Nine Partners Friday Apl 20th 1781
Nine Partners Saturday Apl 21 st 1781
Sot out went to Capt Saml Smiths put up that night
Nine Partners Sunday Apl 22nd 1781
Sot out for albany put up at Mr skinkles Seven miles above Clavarack
Monday Apl 23d 1781
proceeded on to Albany arrived there about three oClock
Albany Tuesday Apl 24th 1781
10 Major Benjamin Tallmadge. Heitman, Historical Register,
p. 53 J. See Memoir of Colonel
Benjamin Tallmadge, New York, 1904.
11 Captain James Tallmadge.
Albany Wednesday Apl 25th 1781
Albany thursday Apl 26th 1781
Albany Friday Apl 27th 1781
Sot out for Schanectady arrived there about 9 OClock in the Evening
Schenactady Saturday Apl 28th 1 7&1
Capt Wright(12) and myself sot out proceeded up the Mohawk River and put up at the widdow Groates
Sunday Apl 29th 1781
proceed on to Fort Plain.
Fort Plain Monday Apl 30th 1781
Fort Plain Tuesday May 1 st 1781
Fort Plain Wednesday May 2nd 1781
Remained at the Fort waiting for the Convoy with Provisions to arrive Distined for Fort Schuyler.
Fort Plain thursday May 3d 1781
the Indians was discouvered on the East side of the Mohawk River burnt several buildings took and killed seraral persons.
Fort Plain Friday May 4th 1781
Fort Plain Saturday May 5th 1781
took a ride to Johnstown.
Johnstown Sunday May 6th 1781
Returned to Fort Plain
Fort Plain Monday May 7th 1781
12 Captain Jacob Wright. 2d New York Regiment. Heitman. Historical Register, p. 607.
SAMUEL TALLMADGE JOURNAL
Fort Plain Tuesday May 8th 1781 Rainey weather.
Fort Plain Wednesday May 9th 1781
Something Rainey, and Cold.
Fort Plain thursday May 10th 1 781
forepart of the day Rainey
Fort Plain Friday May 11 th 1781
Clear and Pleasant weather.
Fort Plain Saturday May 12th 1781
Fort Plain Sunday May 13th 1781
Fort Plain Monday May 14th 1781
the Convoy under the Command of Colonel Coartlandt(13) arrived at Fort Plain
Fort Plain Tuesday May 15th 1781
Sot out with the Convoy for Fort Schuyler meet an Express from the Fort, informing us the Barraks was Consumed by fire which happened on the 14th Instant put up four miles below the F alls(14) on the Mohawk River
Wednesday May 16th 1781
proced on Crossed the little falls and from thence to fort Harkermer and put up.
Fort Harkermer thursday May 1 7th 1781 proceeded on and Encamped up the River 10 miles
Friday May 18th 1781
Embarked and proceed on Encamped about three miles below Orischo.(15)
Saturday May 19th 1781
Embarked and proceed on to Fort Schuyler where we arrived about three OClock in the afternoon.
13 Colonel Philip Van Cortlandt, 2d New York Regiment. Heitman,
Historical Register, p. 555.
14 Probably Little Falls.
15 Oriskany [?].
Fort Schuyler Sunday May 20th 1781 Pleasant weather.
Fort Schuyler Monday May 21 st 1 781
the Escort Returned from the Fort - the Enemy being frequentlydis
couvered round the garrison.
Fort Schuyler Tuesday May 22nd 1781
Fort Schuyler Wednesday May 23d 1781
lay an ambushcade for the Indians made no discovery, Rainey weather.
Fort Schuyler thursday May 24th 1781
Fort Schuyler Friday May 25th 1781
Fort Schuyler Saturday May 26th 1781
Cloudy and Cold.
Fort Schuyler Sunday May 27th 1781
Clear and Pleasant.
Fort Schuyler Monday May 28th 1781
Fort Schuyler Tuesday May 29th 1781
Fort Schuyler Wednesday May 30th 1781
Fort Schuyler thursday May 31 st 1781 Pleasant weather.
Fort Schuyler Friday June 1 st 1781
the Convoy arrived with Orders to Colo Cockran(16) to evacuate the post, and to Remove the artillery and stores down to Fort Harkermar.
16 Lieutenant Colonel Robert Cochran, 2d New York Regiment. Heitman, Historical Register, p. 162.
Fort Schuyler Saturday June 2nd 1781
began the Evacuation Removed the Cannon and Loaded them in the boates.
Fort Schuyler Sunday June 3d 1781
the Convoy sot out and proceed down the River.
Monday June 4th 1781
Arrived at Fort Harkermer.
Fort Harkermer Tuesday June 5th 1781
Landed our Stores.
Fort Harkermer Wednesday June 6th 1781
The Convoy sot out for Fort Schuyler and Encamped at old Fort Schuyler
thursday June 7th 1781
Proceeded on to Fort Schuyler where. we arrived about 4 OClock P. M.
Fort schuyler Friday June 8th 1781
Continued to Demolish the works.
Fort Schuyler Saturday June 9th 1781
Compleated the Distruction Loaded the boates and Encamped at the River
Fort Schuyler Sunday June 10th 1781
Imbarked part of the troops, and the Remainder marching by land proceeded down the river halted at the old F ort(17) Releived the troops by those on board and Continued our march to Fort Harkemer where we arrived about 6 OClock and Encamped
Camp Fort Harkermer Monday June 1 Jth 1781 Disembarked one of Ordnance and other stores
Camp Fort Harkermer Tuesday June 12th 1781
Nothing Remarkable Pleasant weather.
Camp Fort Harkermer Wednesday June 13th 1781
Nothing Remarkable; showery afternoon.
Camp Fort Harkermer thursday June 14th 1781
17 Fort Schuyler.
Camp Fort Harkermer Friday June 15th 1781
Nothing Extraordinary; Pleasant weather
Camp Fort Harkermer Saturday June 16th 1781
the boates under a Convoy, sot out bound for Schenectady to fetch
Camp Fort Harkermar Sunday June 17th 1781
Camp Fort Harkermer Monday June 18th 1781
Camp Fort Harkermer Tuesday June 19th 1781
Cold and Blustering Something Rainey.
Camp Fort Harkermer Wednesday June 20th 1781
Camp Fort Harkermer thursday June 21 st 1781
Clear and pleasant.
Camp Fort Harkermer Friday June 22nd 1781
Camp Fort Harkermer Saturday June 23d 1781
Camp Fort Harkermer Sunday June 24th 1781
Colo Cockran with the Convoy arrived
Camp Fort Harkermer Monday June 25th 1781
Camp Fort Harkermer Tuesday June 26th 1781
Camp Fort Harkermer Wednesday June 27th 1781
Rainey weather Continues.
Camp Fort Harkermer thursday June 28th 1781
Clear and Pleasant.
Camp Fort Harkermer Friday June 29th 1781
Camp Fort Harkermer Saturday June 30th 1781
Camp Fort Harkermer Sunday July 1 st 1781
an entertainment was made for the Gentn of the Regiment.
Camp Fort Harkermer Monday July 2d 1781
I sot out for Albany arrived at Fort Plain and put up.
Fort Plain Tuesday July 3d 1781
proceeded on to Schenectady where I arrived about Eleven OClock at night
Schenectady Wednesday July 4th 1781
Proceeded on to Albany.
Albany Thursday July 5th 1781
Albany Friday July 6th 1781
Colo V Schoicks(18) Regiment Imbarked for West Point.
Albany Saturday July 7th 1781
sot out for Schenectady.
Schenectady Sunday July 8th 1781
the Regiment arrived at this town.
Schenectady Monday July 9th 1781
Remained in Camp.
Schenectady Tuesday July 10th 1781
the Regiment marched on to Albany.
Albany Wednesday July 11 th 1781
Albany thursday July 12th 1781
18 Colonel Goose Van Schaick, 1 st New York Regiment. Heitman, Historical Register, p. 557.
Albany Friday July 13th 1781
the Regiment struck Camp and Marchd the upper end of the town and Encamped.
Albany Saturday July 14th 1781
Albany Sunday July 15th 1781
Albany Monday July 16th 1781
waiting orders for marching.
Albany Tuesday July 17th 1781
Albany Wednesday July 18th 1781
Albany thursday July 19th 1781
Albany Friday July 20th 1781
Albany Saturday July 21 st 1781
Clear and sultry weather.
Albany Sunday July 22nd 1781
Recd orders for the left wing of the Regt to be ready to march on the day following.
Albany Monday July 23d 1781
the second Battallion of the Regiment struck tents and Embarked in the Battows about 4 OClock P. M. for west point
Albany Tuesday July 24th 1781
Albany Wednesday J uli 25th 1781
Albany thursday July 26th 1781
Albany Friday July 27th 1781
a detachment marched about 10 OClock at night for Schoharry the Indians being in that Quarter .
Schoharry Saturday July 28th 1781
the Enemy haveing Committed some Devistation and killed three men went of [f] previous to our arrival; the Detachment Returned to Albany where we arrived about 9 OClock at Night
Albany Sunday July 29th 1781
Albany Monday July 30th 1781
Orders for the Infantry Compy to be Ready to march.
Albany Tuesday July 31 st 1781
the Light Infantry Company of our Regiment struck tents at 6 OClock
Imbarked on board the battows preceeded on for West Point.
Albany Wednesday Augt 1 st 1781
Albany thursday Augt 2nd 1781
a Detachment marched of for Saratoga the Enemy haveing been discouvered in that Quarter
Albany Friday Augt 3d 1781
the Detachment Returned to Camp haveing made no discouveries.
Albany Saturday Augt 4th 1781
Camp Albany Sunday Augt 5th 1781
Camp Albany Monday Augt 6th 1781
Camp Albany Tuesday Augt 7th 1781
a party of tories beset Genl Schuylers(19) house about OClock in the Evening with an intention to take of[f] the Genl but failed in their attempt.
19 Major General Philip Schuyler, Continental Army. Resigned April 19, 1779. Heitman, Historical Register. p. 485.
Camp Albany Wednesday Augt 8th 1781
Camp Albany thursday Augt 9th 1 781
Genl Starks(20) arrived at this place to take Command of the Northern Department.
Camp Albany Friday Augt 1781
Camp Albany Saturday Augt 11th 1781
Camp Albany Sunday Augt 12th 1781
Cloudy and something Rainey.
Camp Albany Monday Augt 13th 1 781
Clear and pleasant.
Camp Albany Tuesday Augt 14th 1781
Camp Albany Wednesday Augt 15th 1781
Camp Albany thursday Augt 16th 1781
Peace full Encampment.
Camp Albany Friday Augt 17th 1781
I sot out for the half moon passed the New City and arrived at the above mentioned place about 10 OClock Returned the same Evening.
Camp Albany Saturday Augt 18th 1781
Received orders to march on the day following.
Camp Albany Sunday Augt 19th 1781
Rainey weather prevented our march.
Camp Albany Monday Augt 20th 1781
our troops Embarked about 8 OC. and proceeded down the river in Battows halted one mile below Clavorack.
20 Brigadier General John Stark, Continental Army. Heitman, Historical Register, p. 515.
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